VEKMAG is a Vector Superconducting Magnet station which is being jointly developed by Regensburg University, Free University Berlin, Ruhr University Bochum, and Helmholtz Zentrum Berlin. The instrument is located at Helmholtz Zentrum Berlin, in the experimental hall at the PM2 beamline of the synchrotron facility BESSY II.

Liste von Publikationen
Station data
Monochromator PM-2
Experiment in vacuum ja
Temperature range 2-500K
Detector Photodiodes, drain current
Manipulators LT-VTI, FMR-VTI



The instrument is designed for XAS/XMCD measurements, for resonant and-off resonant soft X-ray scattering methods, as well as for time resolved ferromagnetic resonance using XMCD, in high magnetic fields and for a  temperature range of  < 2 K - 500 K. It provides a 9T field in the beam direction, a 2T field in the horizontal plane and a 1T field in the perpendicular direction. A 1T vectorial field can be applied in all directions. The home beamline is located at the PM2 bending magnet at BESSY II.

Single axis magnetic fields:

-9 T along the beam direction

-2T perpendicular to the beam direction,  in the horizontal  plane

-1T  along the vertical direction.

Vectorial magnetic fields:

-2T in the horizontal plane

-1T in all directions

Temperature range:

-Low Temperature Variable Temperature Insert (LT-VTI) : 2K-350 K

-Ferromagnetic resonance Variable Temperature Insert (FMR-VTI) : 8K-500 K

For the parameters of the beamline see:

Further info:

List Publications

Posters and Talks

  • Florin Radu,  Probing nanoscale magnetism with soft x-rays, International Conference on Surface X-Ray and Neutron Scattering Hamburg, 07. 07.2014 - 11.07.2014 (2014)
  • Christian Back, Wolfgang Kuch, Yin-Ming Chang, Georg Woltersdorf, Radu Abrudan, Hartmut Zabel, Hanjo Ryll, and Florin Radu, VEKMAG- Ein UHV-kompatibler Vektormagnet für elementspezifische und zeitaufgelöste FMR, EPR, Spektroskopie und resonante magnetische Streuexperimente, SNI2014 Bonn, 21.09.2014 - 23.09.2014 (2014)
  • Florin Radu, VEKMAG, 7th Joint BER II and BESSY II User Meeting (2015)
  • F. Radu, H. Ryll, C. Luo, R. Abrudan, S. Rudorff, O. Rader, T. Noll,   W. Kuch,  A. J. Britton, l. Machado-Arruga, H. Zabel, G. Woltersdorf, and C. Back, VEKMAG - a vector magnet for BESSY II, From Matter to Materials and Life DESY, Hamburg, 14.12.2016 - 16.12.2016 (2016)
  • H. Ryll, A. Balzer,  L. Drescher, F.  Eggenstein, R. Fleischhauer, C. Kalus, O. Pawlizki, O. Rader, R. Ringel, S. Rudorff, J.-S. Schmidt,  E. Suljoti,  and F. Radu, PM2 - A new soft x-ray beamline for magnetism, From Matter to Materials and Life DESY, Hamburg, 14.12.2016 - 16.12.2016 (2016)
  • S Pöllath, C Luo, M Schön, F Radu, H Ryll, and CH Back, Soft X-ray Resonant Magnetic Scattering from the helical phase in Cu2OSeO3 at VEKMAG, DPG Dresden (2017)