Liquid Jet Ambient Pressure Photoelectron Spectroscopy

The experimental station SOL3PES is  a state-of-the-art experimental setup to study solid, solution and solar-cell systems by soft X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. It is equipped with a high-transmission hemispherical HIPP-2 R4000 ScientaOmicron electron analyzer for detecting electrons emitted from small molecular aggregates, nanoparticles, or biochemical molecules and their components in (aqueous) solutions, either in vacuum or in an ambient pressure environment. In addition to conventional energy-resolved electron detection, SOL3 enables detection of electron angular distributions by the combination of a ±11° acceptance angle of the electron analyzer and a rotation of the analyzer in the polarization plane of the incoming synchrotron-light beam.

SOL³PES setup

SOL³PES setup

List of publications
Station data
Temperature range -196 °C - 250 °C
Pressure Range Working atmosphere: 10-5 - 15 mbar
Detector Ambient-Pressure HIPP-2 R4000 ScientaOmicron Electron Analyzer
Manipulators flexible (for liquid-microjets, and for solid samples)
Sample holder compatibility liquid microjets: temperature controlled (0-95 °C), xyz-axis adjustable, micrometer-precision

solid samples/films: temperature controlled (-196-250 °C), z-axis adjustable, 45° angle mounting (between X-ray and detector)

UE52_SGM, U49-2_PGM-1


NEXAFS, XPS, Angular-resolved PES

More details about the setup and its capabilities can be found in

Advances in liquid phase soft-x-ray photoemission spectroscopy: A new experimental setup at BESSY II
Robert Seidel et al. Review of Scientific Instruments 2017, 88 (7), 073107 DOI: 10.1063/1.4990797