Angermann, H.; Gref, O.; Laades, A.; Conrad, E.; Klimm, C.; Stürzebecher, U.; Michael, D.;Stegemann, B.: Characterization of wet-chemically pre-treated silicon solar cell substrates and interfaces by surface photovoltage (SPV) measurements. In: Ossenbrink, H. [u.a.] [Eds.] : 26th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference 5 - 9 September, Hamburg, Germany. München: WIP, 2011. - ISBN 3-936338-27-2, p. 1593-1597
The combination of fast, non-destructive, and surface sensitive spectroscopic methods, i.e. pulsed field-modulated surface photovoltage (SPV) and quasi-steady-state photo conductance (QSSPC), provided detailed information about the influ-ence of wet-chemical substrate preparation methods on the surface charge, energetic distribution of interfaces states Dit(E) on solar cell substrates and the resulting interface recombination losses on subsequent prepared ultra-thin passiva-tion layers. The SPV technique allows the measurement of the surface potential and determination of the interface state densities without any contact preparation. The results of these investigations could be successfully used to enhance the electronic properties of polished, saw damage etched and textured solar cell substrates with random pyramids by wet-chemical smoothing and H-termination procedures. As demonstrated for selected examples, this favourable effect can be preserved during the subsequent oxidation by thermalized atomic oxygen or during the soft plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD) of amorphous silicon (a-Si:H). The resulting Dit(E) on ultra-thin Si/SiO2 layers and interface recombination losses on a-Si:H/c-Si hetero-junctions were found to be significantly reduced compared to the standard RCA pre-treatment.