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  • Lifei Xi and Kathrin M. Lange, Surface Modification of Hematite Photoanodes for Improvement of Photoelectrochemical Performance, Catalysts 2018, 8(11), 497; 10.3390/catal8110497 (registering DOI)
  • Lifei Xi, Martin Schellenberger, Raphael F. Präg, Ronny Golnak, Götz Schuck, and Kathrin M. Lange, Ionic current Mn K-edge x-ray absorption spectra optained in a flow cell, Phys. Chem. C, 2018, 122 (27), pp 15588–15594, DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.8b04693

  • Jingfang Zhang, Jieyu Liu, Lifei Xi, Yifu Yu, Ning Chen, Shuhui Sun, Weichao Wang, Kathrin M. Lange, and Bin Zhang, Single-Atom Au/NiFe Layered Double Hydroxide Electrocatalyst: Probing the Origin of Activity for Oxygen Evolution Reaction, J. Am. Chem. Soc., Article ASAP, DOI: 10.1021/jacs.8b00752


  • Lifei Xi, Christoph Schwanke, Dong Zhou, Dorian Drevon, Roel van de Krol and Kathrin M. Lange, In situ XAS study of CoBi modified hematite photoanodes, Dalton Trans., 2017,46,15719, DOI: 10.1039/c7dt02647a
  • Lifei Xi, Fuxian Wang, Christoph Schwanke†, Fatwa F. Abdi, Ronny Golnak, Sebastian Fiechter, Klaus Ellmer, Roel van de Krol and Kathrin M. Lange, In Situ Structural Study of MnPi-Modified BiVO4 Photoanodes by Soft X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy, J. Phys. Chem. C, 2017, 121 (36), pp 19668–19676, DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b06459
  • Wenyao Zhang, Josep Albero, Lifei Xi , Kathrin M. Lange, Hermenegildo Garcia , Xin Wang , and Menny Shalom, One-Pot Synthesis of Nickel-Modified Carbon Nitride Layers Toward Efficient Photoelectrochemical Cells, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 2017, 9 (38), pp 32667–32677, DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b08022
  • Lifei Xi, Christoph Schwanke, Jie Xiao , Fatwa F. Abdi, Ivelina Zaharieva, and Kathrin M. Lange,  In Situ L-Edge XAS Study of a Manganese Oxide Water Oxidation Catalyst, J. Phys. Chem. C, 2017, 121 (22), pp 12003–12009, DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b02331
  • Juncao Bian, Lifei Xi, Jianfu Li, Ze Xiong, Chao Huang, Kathrin M. Lange, Jinyao Tang, Menny Shalom, and Rui-Qin Zhang, C=C π Bond Modified Graphitic Carbon Nitride Films for Enhanced Photoelectrochemical Cell Performance, Chemistry  - An Asian Journal (2017), DOI: 10.1002/asia.201700178
  • Juan-Jesus Velasco-Velez, Michael Hävecker, Axel Knop-Gericke, Christoph Schwanke, Lifei Xi, Kathrin M. Lange, Jie Xiao, Marc F. Tesch, Ronny Golnak, Tristan Petit, Ljiljana Puskar, Ulrich Schade, Mario Borgwardt, Igor Kiyan, Robert Seidel & Emad F. Aziz, Multiscale Photo-Based In-Situ and Operando Spectroscopies in Time and Energy Landscapes, Synchrotron Radiation News (2017),
  • Roberto Monni, Gerald Auböck, Dominik Kinschel, Kathrin M. Aziz-Lange, Harry B. Gray, Antonín Vlcek, Majed Chergui, Conservation of vibrational coherence in ultrafast electronic relaxation: The case of diplatinum complexes in solution, Chemical Physics Letters (2017),
  • Christoph Schwanke, Helge Sören Stein, Lifei Xi, Kirill Sliozberg, Wolfgang Schuhmann, Alfred Ludwig & Kathrin M. Lange, Correlating Oxygen Evolution Catalysts Activity and Electronic Structure by a High-Throughput Investigation of Ni1-y-zFeyCrzOx, Scientific Reports (2017), DOI: 10.1038/srep44192



  •  K. M. Lange, Soft X-ray Spectroscopy Meets Electrochemistry. GIT Laboratory Journal (2015)
  • M. Borgwardt, M. Wilke, T. Kampen, S. Mähl, W. Xiang, L. Spiccia, K. M. Lange, I. Y. Kiyan, E. F. Aziz. Injection Kinetics and Electronic Structure at the N719/TiO2 Interface Studied by Means of Ultrafast XUV Photoemission Spectroscopy. J. Phys. Chem. C 119, 17, 9099 (2015)
  • R. Golnak, J. Xiao, M. Pohl, C. Schwanke, A. Neubauer, K. M. Lange, K. Atak, and E. F. Aziz, Influence of the Outer Ligands on Metal-to-Ligand Charge Transfer in Solvated Manganese Porphyrins, Inorg. Chem., 55 (1), pp 22–28 (2015)


  • T. Brandenburg, M. Agaker, K. Atak, M. Pflüger, C. Schwanke, T. Petit, K. M Lange, J.-E. Rubensson, E. F. Aziz. The Electronic Structure of Perfluorodecalin studied by Soft X-ray Spectroscopy and Electronic Structure Calculations. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. (2014)
  • C. Schwanke, R. Golnak, J. Xiao, K. M. Lange. Electrochemical flowcell for in-situ investigations by soft x-ray absorption and emission spectroscopy, Rev Sci Instrum. 2014 Oct;85(10):103120. doi: 10.1063/1.4899063.
  • T. Petit, K. M. Lange, G. Conrad, K. Yamamoto, C. Schwanke, K. F. Hodeck, M. Dantz, T. Brandenburg, E. Suljoti, E. F. Aziz. Probing ion-specific effects on aqueous acetate solutions: Ion pairing versus water structure modifications. Str. Dyn. (2014)
  • N. Engel, S.I. Bokarev, E. Suljoti, R. Garcia-Diez, K. M. Lange, K. Atak, R. Golnak, A. Kothe, M. Dantz, Oliver Kühn, E. F. Aziz. Chemical Bonding in Aqueous Ferrocyanide: Experimental and Theoretical X-ray Spectroscopic Study. J. Phys. Chem. B (2014)


  • K. M. Lange, E. F. Aziz; Electronic Structure of Ions and Molecules in Solution: A View from Modern Soft X-ray Spectroscopies; Chem. Soc. Rev. (2013),
  • R. Golnak, K. Atak, E. Suljoti, K. F. Hodeck, K. M. Lange, M. A. Soldatov, N. Engel, E. F. Aziz. Local Electronic Structure of Aqueous Zinc Acetate: Oxygen K-Edge X-Ray Absorption and Emission Spectroscopy on Micro-Jet. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. (2013), doi:
  • K. M. Lange, R. Golnak, S. Bonnhommeau, E.F. Aziz. Ligand Discrimination of Myoglobin in Solution: An Iron L-Edge X-Ray Absorption Study of the Active Centre. Chem. Commun. (2013), doi:
  • E. Suljoti, R. Garcia-Diez, S. I Bokarev, K. M. Lange, R. Schoch, B. Dierker, M. Dantz, K. Yamamoto, N. Engel, K. Atak, O. Kühn, M. Bauer, J.-E. Rubensson, E. F. Aziz; Direct Observation of Molecular Orbital Mixing in a Solvated Organometallic Complex. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 52, 37, 984
  • B. Dierker, E. Suljoti, K. Atak, K. M. Lange, N. Engel, R. Golnak, M. Dantz, K. Hodeck, M. Khan, N. Kosugi, E. F. Aziz; Probing orbital symmetry in solution: polarization-dependent resonant inelastic soft x-ray scattering on liquid micro-jet. New Journal of Physics, 15 :093025 (2013)
  • E. Suljoti, R. Garcia-Diez, S. I Bokarev, K. M. Lange, R. Schoch, B. Dierker, M. Dantz, K. Yamamoto, N. Engel, K. Atak, O. Kühn, M. Bauer, J.-E. Rubensson, E. F. Aziz; Direkte Untersuchung von Orbitalwechselwirkungen in gelösten metallorganischen Komplexen. Angew. Chem. 125, 37, 10024 (2013)
  • K. Atak, S. I. Bokarev, M. D. Gotz, R. Golnak, K. M. Lange, N. Engel, M. Dantz, E. Suljoti, O. Kühn, E. F. Aziz ; The Nature of the Chemical Bond of Aqueous Fe(2+) Probed by Soft X-ray Spectroscopies and Ab Initio Calculations. J. Phys Chem. B, 117, 41 (2013)
  • K. M. Lange, E. F. Aziz; Electronic Structure of Ions and Molecules in Solution: A View from Modern Soft X-ray Spectroscopies; Chem. Soc. Rev. 42, 16, 6840 (2013)


  • K. M. Lange, E. F. Aziz; The Hydrogen Bond of Water from the Perspective of Soft X-Ray Spectroscopies, Chemistry - An Asian Journal; (2012)
  • K. M. Lange, E. Suljoti, E. F. Aziz; Resonant Inelastic X-ray Scattering as a Probe of Molecular Structure and Electron Dynamics in Solutions, J. El. Spectr. Rel. Phen. (2012)
  • K. M. Lange, A. Kothe, E. F. Aziz; Chemistry in Solution: Recent Techniques and Applications of Soft X-ray Spectroscopy, Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics DOI: 10.1039/C2CP24028A . (2012)
  • N. Engel, K. Atak, K.M. Lange, M. Gotz, M. Soldatov, R. Golnak, E. Suljoti, J.-E. Rubensson, E.F. Aziz. DMSO−Water Clustering in Solution Observed in Soft X‑ray Spectra. J. Phys. Chem. Lett. (2012), doi:
  • E. F. Aziz, K. M. Lange, S. Bonhommeau and M. Chergui; Reply to 'Dark channel fluorescence...' and 'Dips and peaks...', Nature Chem. 4, 767–768 (2012)
  • M. Soldatov, K. M. Lange, M. Gotz, N. Engel, R. Golnak, A. Kothe, M. Chergui, E. F. Aziz; On the Origin of the Dips in the Total Fluorescence Yield X-Ray Absorption Spectra of Aqueous Transition Metal Ions, Chem. Phys. Lett. DOI: (2012)
  • K. Atak, N. Engel, K. M. Lange, R. Golnak, M. Gotz, M. Soldatov, J.-E. Rubensson, N. Kosugi, E. F. Aziz; The Chemical Bond in Carbonyl and Sulfinyl Groups Studied by Soft X-ray Spectroscopy and ab Initio Calculations, Chem. Phys. Chem. 13, 1–6 (2012)
  • M. Gotz, M. Soldatov, K. M. Lange, N. Engel, R. Golnak, R. Könnecke, K. Atak, W. Eberhardt, E. F. Aziz; Probing Coster–Kronig Transitions in Aqueous Fe2+ Solution Using Inverse Partial and Partial Fluorescence Yield at the L-Edge, J. Phys. Chem. Lett, 3, pp 1619–1623 (2012)
  • K. M. Lange, M. Soldatov, R. Golnak, M. Gotz, N. Engel, R. Könnecke, J.-E. Rubensson, E. F. Aziz; X-ray Emission from Pure and Dilute H2O and D2O in a Liquid Microjet: Hydrogen Bonds and Nuclear Dynamics, Phys. Rev. B, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.85.155104 (2012)
  • M. Risch, D. Shevchenko, M. F. Anderlund, S. Styring J.Heidkamp, K. M. Lange, A. Thapper, I. Zaharieva; Atomic Structure of Cobalt-Oxide Nanoparticles Active in Light-Driven Catalysis of Water Oxidation. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy
    DOI:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2012.01.138. (2012)
  • R. Seidel, S. Ghadimi, K. M. Lange, S. Bonhommeau, M. Soldatov, R. Golnak, A. Kothe, R. Könnecke, A. Soldatov, S. Thürmer, B. Winter, E. F. Aziz; Origin of Dark-Channel X-Ray Fluorescence from Transition-Metal Ions in Water, Journal of the American Chemical Society. Vol. 134, 3, 1600-1605 (2012)


  • K. M. Lange, R. Könnecke, M. Soldatov, R. Golnak, J.-E. Rubensson, A. Soldatov, E. F. Aziz; On the Origin of the Hydrogen Bond Network Nature of Water: X-Ray Absorption and Emission Spectra of Water-Acetonitrile Mixtures. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 123, 45, 10809-10813 (2011)
  • K. M. Lange, U. Bergmann, K. F. Hodeck, R. Könnecke, U. Schade, E. F. Aziz; Shared Solvation of Sodium Ions in Alcohol-Water Solutions Explains the Non-Ideality of Free Energy of Solvation. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 13, 15423-15427 (2011)
  • A. P. Sommer, K. F. Hodeck, D. Zhu, A. Kothe, K. M. Lange, H.-J. Fecht, E. F. Aziz; Breathing Volume into Interfacial Water with Laser Light. J. Phys. Chem. Lett., 2 (6), pp 562-565 (2011) 


  • K. M. Lange, Kai F. Hodeck, Ulrich Schade, Emad F. Aziz; Nature of the Hydrogen Bond of Water in Solvents of Different Polarities. J. Phys. Chem. B., 114 (50), 16997–17001 (2010)
  • K. M. Lange, R. Könnecke, S. Ghadimi, R. Golnak, M. Soldatov, K. Hodeck, A. Soldatov, E. F. Aziz; High resolution X-ray emission spectroscopy of water and aqueous ions using the micro-jet technique. Chemical Physics 377, 1–5 (2010)
  • K. F. Hodeck, K. M. Lange, E. F. Aziz. The Dark Channel Fluorescence Yield X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy: A Doorway to Radiation Attosecond Chemistry. IXAS 3 (2010)
  • E. F. Aziz, H. Rittmann-Frank, K. M. Lange, S. Bonhommeau, and M. Chergui; Charge transfer to solvent identified via dark channel fluorescence yield L-edge spectroscopy. Nature Chem. 2, 853–857 (2010)
  • N. Bergmann, S. Bonhommeau, K. M. Lange, S. M. Greil, S. Eisebitt, F. de Groot, M. Chergui and E. F. Aziz; On the enzymatic activity of Catalase: an X-ray absorption study at the L-edges of iron in the active centre. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys.  Vol. 12, 18, 4827-4832 (2010)
  • S. M. Greil, I. Lauermann, A. Ennaoui, T. Kropp, K. M. Lange, M. Weber,  E. F. Aziz; In situ investigation of wet chemical processes for chalcopyrite solar cells by L-edge XAS under ambient condition. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B. Vol. 268, 3-4, 263-267 (2010)
  • I. Mantouvalou, K. Lange, T. Wolff, D. Grötzsch, L. Lühl, M. Haschke, O. Hahn, B. Kanngießer; A compact 3D micro X-ray fluorescence spectrometer with X-ray tube excitation for archaeometric applications. J. Anal. At. Spectrom. Vol 25, 554-561 (2010)


  • K. Lange, C. Perlès, M. Vanhaeren I. Reiche; Heat-Induced Modification of Marine Shells Used as Personal Ornaments at the Prehistoric Site of Franchthi Cave, Greece: First Results of a Multianalytical Approach, Proceedings 9th International Conference on NDT of Art, Jerusalem Israel (2008)