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Operando Setups

Operando SANS/SAXS/X-ray Radiography

  • Sulfur cathodes
  • 3D structures: 2 nm to 1 mm
  • Time resolution of up to 20 seconds
  • Parallel performance of impedance spectroscopy, UV-vis spectroscopy, temperature measurements
  • Beamlines used: V4/V16 (BERII), D11 (ILL), KWSII (MLZ), BAMline (BESSY II), EDDI-Line (BESSY II)
  • Recent publication: 10.1039/c6cp01020b10.1016/j.ensm.2017.06.008
Operando Setup - enlarged view

Operando coin cell setup. A: EPDM sealing; B: Working electrode; C: Reference electrode; D: Pt-100 temperature sensor; E: Metallic lithium chip; F: Counter electrode; G: Exchangeable cell window; H: Sulfurized carbon cathode; I: porous polypropylene separator (Celgard); J: UV-vis fiber reflection probe