Energy storage materials (Cathode materials for Li-S batteries, supercapacitors)
1. Cathode materials for Li-S batteries
Metal oxide nanoparticles and free-standing porous carbon monolith can be synthesized through polymer assisted colloidal approaches. The well-defined nanostructures can be applied as cathode materials in Li-S batteries with excellent electrochemical performance. For example, Magnéli phase Ti4O7 particles with interconnected-pores structure can be synthesized by using porous PS-P2VP particles as template. They can provide mesopores for physical confinement and polar surface for chemically bonding with polysulfides to suppress their dissolution. Moreover, light-weight and mechanically stable carbon monoliths have been prepared from a hydrothermal method. This binder-free monolith have been used as model cathode material for a multidimensional operando analysis.
- S. Mei, C.J. Jafta, I. Lauermann, Q. Ran, M. Kärgell, M. Ballauff, Y. Lu, Advanced Functional Materials 2017, 27, 1701176 .
- Y. Yang, S. Risse, S. Mei, C.J. Jafta, Y. Lu, C. Stöcklein, N. Kardjilov, I. Manke, J. Gong, Z. Kochovski, M. Ballauff, Energy Storage Materials 2017, 9, 96-104.
Dispersible mesoporous nitrogen-doped hollow carbon nanoplates have been synthesized using gibbsite nanoplates as templates. The resulted 2D hollow carbon nanoplates bear hexagonal morphology with fairly accessible small mesopores (∼3.8 nm). They show excellent colloidal stability in aqueous media and are applied as electrode materials for symmetric supercapacitors. When using polyvinylimidazolium-based nanoparticles as a binder in electrodes, the hollow carbon nanoplates present superior performance in parallel to polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) binder.
- J. Cao, C. J. Jafta, J. Gong, Q. Ran, X. Lin, R. Félix, R. G. Wilks, M. Bär, J. Yuan, M. Ballauff, Y. Lu, ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2016, 8, 29628-29636.