FLEX-Upgrade

During the period 2010-2012, the instrumentation suite operated in the neutron guide hall I has been massively upgraded. The upgrade of the FLEXX spectrometer included the relocation to a guide-end position in an area of the guide hall with intrinsically low background. The primary spectrometer of FLEXX was completely rebuilt with new m=3 guides including a converging elliptical section to focus neutrons onto a virtual source. The neutrons are subsequently imaged onto a new double focusing monochromator, ensuring an increase in neutrons reaching the sample. In addition, a new velocity selector is used to remove higher-order scattering which eliminates the need for filters. A polarizing S-bender may be translated into the beam before the elliptical guide section where the beam is collimated, allowing the gains from focusing neutrons onto the sample to be realized for polarized measurements also.

Experiments confirmed an order-of-magnitude gain in intensity (at the cost of coarser momentum resolution), an improved wavelength range between 2 Å and 6.5 Å and demonstrated that the incoherent elastic energy widths are measurably narrower than before the upgrade. The much improved count rate allows the use of smaller single crystals samples and thus enables the upgraded FLEXX spectrometer to continue making leading edge measurements.

Fig. 1: Scheme of the upgraded components of FLEXX

Details

References

[1] F. Groitl, T. Keller, D. Quintero-Castro, K. Habicht, Neutron resonance spin-echo upgrade at the three-axis spectrometer FLEXX, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86 (2015) 025110.

[2] K. Habicht, D.L. Quintero-Castro, R. Toft-Petersen, M. Kure, L. Mäde, F. Groitl, M.D. Le, The upgraded cold neutron triple-axis spectrometer FLEXX - enhanced capabilities by new instrumental options, EPJ Web Conf. 83 (2015) 03007.

[3] M.D. Le, D.L. Quintero-Castro, R. Toft-Petersen, F. Groitl, M. Skoulatos, K.C. Rule, K. Habicht, Gains from the upgrade of the cold neutron triple axis spectrometer FLEXX at the BER-II reactor, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 729 (2013) 220-226.

[4] K. Habicht, M. Skoulatos, Optimization of virtual source parameters in neutron scattering instrumentation, J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 340/1 (2012) 012029.

[5] M. Skoulatos, K. Habicht, K. Lieutenant, Improving energy resolution on neutron monochromator arrays, J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 340/1 (2012) 012019.

[6] M. Skoulatos, K. Habicht, Upgrade of the primary spectrometer of the cold triple-axis spectrometer FLEX at the BER II reactor, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 647/1 (2011) 100–106.