Becker, C.; Xavier, J.; Preidel, V.; Wyss, P.; Sontheimer, T.; Rech, B.; Probst, J.; Hülsen, C.; Löchel, B.; Erko, A.; Burger, S.; Schmidt, F.; Back, F.; Rudigier-Voigt, E.: Nanophotonic light trapping in polycrystalline silicon thin-film solar cells using periodically nanoimprint-structured glass substrates. In: Sulima, O.V. [Ed.] : Next generation (nano) photonic and cell technologies for solar energy conversion IV : 25 - 27 August 2013, San Diego, California, United States. Bellingham, Wash.: SPIE, 2013 (Proceedings of SPIE ; 8824). - ISBN 978-0-8194-9674-4, p. 88240D/1-9
10.1117/12.2023871

Abstract:
A smart light trapping scheme is essential to tap the full potential of polycrystalline silicon (poly-Si) thin-film solar cells. Periodic nanophotonic structures are of particular interest as they allow to substantially surpass the Lambertian limit from ray optics in selected spectral ranges. We use nanoimprint-lithography for the periodic patterning of sol-gel coated glass substrates, ensuring a cost-effective, large-area production of thin-film solar cell devices. Periodic crystalline silicon nanoarchitectures are prepared on these textured substrates by high-rate silicon film evaporation, solid phase crystallization and chemical etching. Poly-Si microhole arrays in square lattice geometry with an effective thickness of about 2μm and with comparatively large pitch (2 μm) exhibit a large absorption enhancement (A900nm = 52%) compared to a planar film (A900nm ~ 7%). For the optimization of light trapping in the desired spectral region, the geometry of the nanophotonic structures with varying pitch from 600 nm to 800 nm is tailored and investigated for the cases of poly-Si nanopillar arrays of hexagonal lattice geometry, exhibiting an increase in absorption in comparison to planar film attributed to nanophotonic wave optic effects. These structures inspire the design of prospective applications such as highly-efficient nanostructured poly-Si thin-film solar cells and large-area photonic crystals.