Gorgoi, M.; Schäfers, F.; Svensson, S.; Mårtensson, N.: Relative sub-shell photoionization cross-sections of nickel metal determined by hard X-ray high kinetic energy photoemission. Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena 190 (2013), p. 153-155
10.1016/j.elspec.2013.01.004

Abstract:
Recently, hard X-ray high kinetic energy photoelectron spectroscopy has lead to a break-through due to its non destructive way of investigating the bulk electronic properties of materials. However, due to the relatively new development of this technique there is a lack of information concerning the photoionization cross sections at high energies. Whenever compound materials are investigated or when estimating signal levels and the feasibility of an electron spectroscopy experiment the knowledge of cross sections is essential. In the present work the experimentally determined relative sub-shell photoionization cross sections of shallow levels of nickel metal in the energy range of 2–9 keV will be shown. The data are compared with calculated sub-shell photoionization cross sections.