Schäpers, M.; Wolter, A.U.B.; Drechsler, S.-L.; Nishimoto, S.; Müller, K.-H.; Abdel-Hafiez, M.; Schottenhamel, W.; Büchner, B.; Richter, J.; Ouladdiaf, B.; Uhlarz, M.; Beyer, R.; Skourski, Y.; Wosnitza, J.; Rule, K.C.; Ryll, H.; Klemke, B.; Kiefer, K.; Reehuis, M.; Willenberg, B.; Süllow, S.: Thermodynamic properties of the anisotropic frustrated spin-chain compound linarite PbCuSO4(OH)2. Physical Review B 88 (2013), p. 184410/1-17

We present a comprehensive macroscopic thermodynamic study of the quasi-one-dimensional (1D) s = 1/2 frustrated spin-chain system linarite. Susceptibility, magnetization, specific heat, magnetocaloric effect, magnetostriction, and thermal-expansion measurements were performed to characterize the magnetic phase diagram. In particular, for magnetic fields along the b axis five different magnetic regions have been detected, some of them exhibiting short-range-order effects. The experimental magnetic entropy and magnetization are compared to a theoretical modeling of these quantities using density matrix renormalization group (DMRG) and transfer matrix renormalization group (TMRG) approaches. Within the framework of a purely 1D isotropic model Hamiltonian, only a qualitative agreement between theory and the experimental data can be achieved. Instead, it is demonstrated that a significant symmetric anisotropic exchange of about 10% is necessary to account for the basic experimental observations, including the three-dimensional (3D) saturation field, and which in turn might stabilize a triatic (three-magnon) multipolar phase.