Xu, Y.; Hofmann, O.T.; Schlesinger, R.; Winkler, S.; Frisch, J.; Niederhausen, J.; Vollmer, A.; Blumstengel, S.; Henneberger, F.; Koch, N.; Rinke, P.; Scheffler, M.: Space-Charge Transfer in Hybrid Inorganic-Organic Systems. Physical Review Letters 111 (2013), p. 226802/1-5
10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.226802

Abstract:
We discuss density functional theory calculations of hybrid inorganic-organic systems that explicitly include the global effects of doping (i.e., position of the Fermi level) and the formation of a space-charge layer. For the example of tetrafluoro-tetracyanoquinodimethane on the ZnO(0001¯) surface we show that the adsorption energy and electron transfer depend strongly on the ZnO doping. The associated work function changes are large, for which the formation of space-charge layers is the main driving force. The prominent doping effects are expected to be quite general for charge-transfer interfaces in hybrid inorganic-organic systems and important for device design.