Bahadur, J.; Sen, D.; Mazumder, S.; Bhattacharya, S.; Frielinghaus, H.; Goerigk, G.: Origin of Buckling Phenomenon during Drying of Micrometer-Sized Colloidal Droplets. Langmuir 27 (2011), p. 8404-8414
10.1021/la200827n

Abstract:
The origin of the buckling of micrometer-sized colloidal droplets during evaporation-induced self-assembly (EISA) has been elucidated using electron microscopy and small-angle neutron scattering. Doughnut-like assembled grains with varying aspect ratios are formed during EISA at different physicochemical conditions. It has been revealed that this phenomenon is better explained by an existing hypothesis based on the formation of a viscoelastic shell of nanoparticles during drying than by other existing hypotheses based on the inertial instability of the initial droplets and hydrodynamic instability due to thermocapillary forces. This conclusion was further supported by the arrest of buckling through modification of the colloidal interaction in the initial dispersion.