Scherg-Kurmes, H.; Körner, S.; Ring, S.; Klaus, M.; Korte, L.; Ruske, F.; Schlatmann, R.; Rech, B.; Szyszka, B.: High mobility In2O3:H as contact layer for a-Si:H/c-Si heterojunction and muc-Si:H thin film solar cells. Thin Solid Films 594 (2015), p. 316-322
The crystallization process of hydrogen doped In2O3:H (IOH) films is investigated with energy-dispersive X-ray diffraction measurements. At annealing temperatures between 125 and 150 °C crystallization of 220 nm thin films occurs within only 2 min, and the percentage of the crystalline phase does not change anymore when the temperature is raised above the crystallization temperature of 150 °C. Maximum electron mobilities above 100 cm2/Vs have been reached after crystallization. The IOH films were integrated as front contact into amorphous/crystalline silicon heterojunction cells and compared to In2O3:Sn (ITO) front contacts. Cells with ITO/IOH bilayer front contacts show a slightly lower open circuit voltage because of the a-Si:H passivation layer degradation caused by the longer annealing process needed for the crystallization of the bilayers, while all cells reach total area efficiencies around 20%. IOH films were also implemented as silver free back contact for μc-Si:H cells, and show higher short-circuit current densities than ZnO:Al back contacts because of the higher near-infra-red transmission of IOH.