Silicon Heterojunction Solar Cells
Silicon heterojunction (SHJ) solar cells are made of silicon wafers using passivated contacts for both polarities based on i/n and i/p stacks of thin-film silicon alloys, such as amorphous silicon (a-Si:H), nanocrystalline silicon (nc-Si:H) or silicon oxide (nc-SiOx:H). Due to a high silicon wafer quality and the excellent surface passivation SHJ solar cells reach very high conversion efficiencies with highest open circuit voltages >740 mV and low temperature coefficient <0.3 %/K. The lean cell process sequence of only four major process steps, all below <200°C processing temperature facilitate cost-effective production.
At PVcomB we operate a baseline for SHJ solar cells (Figure1) currently reaching a certified efficiency of 23.1% (Figure 2). Processes and materials are developed up to a size of 156 x 156 mm², partially in cooperation with industry partners for:
- High-efficiency PV cells and modules
- Silicon heterojunction solar cells for application as bottom cell in high-efficiency multi-junctions, e.g. with perovskite top cells.
- Advanced silicon-based passivating contact layers for novel types of silicon-based solar cells, such as liquid-phase crystallized silicon (LPC-Si) solar cells on glass.
- Silicon heterojunction and thin-film silicon solar cells for hydrogen generation.
- All-rear-contacted (IBC) silicon heterojunction solar cells.