• Ivanova, M.E.; Peters, R.; Müller, M.; Haas, S.; Seidler, M.F.; Mutschke, G.; Eckert, K.; Röse, P.; Calnan, S.; Bagacki, R.; Schlatmann, R.; Grosselindemann, C.; Schäfer, A.; Menzler, N.H.; Weber, A.; Krol, R. van de; Liang, F.; Abdi, F.F.; Brendelberger, S.; Neumann, N.; Grobbel, J.; Roeb, M.; Sattler, C.; Duran, I.; Dietrich, B.; Hofberger, M.E.C.; Stoppel, L.; Uhlenbruck, N.; Wetzel, T.; Rauner, D.; Hecimovic, A.; Fantz, U.; Kulyk, N.; Harting, J.; Guillon, O.: Technological Pathways to Produce Compressed and Highly Pure Hydrogen from Solar Power. Angewandte Chemie 62 (2023), p. e202218850/1-25

Open Access Version

Hydrogen (H2) produced from renewables will have a growing impact on the global energy dynamics towards sustainable and carbon-neutral standards. The share of green H2 is still too low to meet the net-zero target, while the demand for high-quality hydrogen continues to rise. These factors amplify the need for economically viable H2 generation technologies. The present article aims at evaluating the existing technologies for high-quality H2 production based on solar energy. Technologies such as water electrolysis, photoelectrochemical and solar thermochemical water splitting, liquid metal reactors and plasma conversion utilize solar power directly or indirectly (as carbon-neutral electrons) and are reviewed from the perspective of their current development level, technical limitations and future potential.