• Segantini, M.; Marcozzi, G.; Djekic, D.; Chu, A.; Amkreutz, D.; Trinh, C.T.; Neubert, S.; Stannowski, B.; Jacob, K.; Rudolph, I.; McPeak, J.E.; Anders, J.; Naydenov, B.; Lips, K.: Electrically Detected Magnetic Resonance on a Chip (EDMRoC) for Analysis of Thin-Film Silicon Photovoltaics. Magnetochemistry (Basel) 9 (2023), p. 183/1-19

Open Access Version

Electrically detected magnetic resonance (EDMR) is a spectroscopic technique that provides information about the physical properties of materials through the detection of variations in conductivity induced by spin-dependent processes. EDMR has been widely applied to investigate thin-film semiconductor materials in which the presence of defects can induce the current limiting processes. Conventional EDMR measurements are performed on samples with a special geometry that allows the use of a typical electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) resonator. For such measurements, it is of utmost importance that the geometry of the sample under assessment does not influence the results of the experiment. Here, we present a single-board EPR spectrometer using a chip-integrated, voltage-controlled oscillator (VCO) array as a planar microwave source, whose geometry optimally matches that of a standard EDMR sample, and which greatly facilitates electrical interfacing to the device under assessment. The probehead combined an ultrasensitive transimpedance amplifier (TIA) with a twelve-coil array, VCO-based, single-board EPR spectrometer to permit EDMR-on-a-Chip (EDMRoC) investigations. EDMRoC measurements were performed at room temperature on a thin-film hydrogenated amorphous silicon (a-Si:H) pin solar cell under dark and forward bias conditions, and the recombination current driven by the a-Si:H dangling bonds (db) was detected. These experiments serve as a proof of concept for a new generation of small and versatile spectrometers that allow in situ and operando EDMR experiments.