• Panchal, G.; Panchwanee, A.; Kumar, M.; Fritsch, K.; Choudhary, R.J.; Phase, D.M.: Synthesis and Characterization of Vertically Aligned La0.7Sr0.3MnO3:NiO Nanocomposite Thin Films for Spintronic Applications. ACS Applied Nano Materials 4 (2021), p. 102-112

Open Access Version (externer Anbieter)

The microstructures and interfaces of two-phase vertically aligned nanocomposite (VAN) thin films play a key role in the design of spintronic device architectures and their multifunctional properties. Here, we show how the microstructures in self-assembled VAN thin films of La0.7Sr0.3MnO3:NiO (LSMO:NiO) can be effectively tuned from nanogranular to nanocolumnar and to nanomaze by controlling the number of laser shots from the two constituent phase targets in the pulsed laser deposition (PLD) film growth. The observed microstructural induced strain is found to significantly enhance the magnetoresistance in a very broad temperature range between 10 and 240 K and to modulate the in-plane exchange bias (EB), with the largest EB value observed in the maximally strained heterostructures. Most interestingly, a unique perpendicular exchange bias (PEB) effect is also observed for these heterostructures with an enhanced PEB field of up to 230 Oe. X-ray magnetic circular dichroism and training effect measurements demonstrate that the observed EB is disorder-induced and arises due to the pinning of NiO uncompensated moments at the disordered interface which is ferromagnetically coupled with LSMO. Furthermore, systematic changes in the electronic structure across the vertical interface related to a variation of the Mn3+/Mn4+ content arise as a consequence of out-of-plane tensile strain.