• Klimm, D.; Wolff, N.: On Thermodynamic Aspects of Oxide Crystal Growth. Applied Sciences (Basel) 12 (2022), p. 2774/1-11

Open Access Version

Several metal oxide compounds, especially those containing metals possessing several valence states, are able to absorb or release oxygen under suitable thermodynamic conditions. Such behavior is found often in systems containing oxides of transition metals. It is important to note that the equilibrium oxidation level of those metal oxides can depend on the aggregation state, which may significantly impede crystal growth processes from the melt. If during the melt growth of such oxide crystals, the average valence state of the oxides is different in the molten and solid state, then crystallization is connected with the absorption of free oxygen from the ambient gas, or with the release of free oxygen into it. This phenomenon can be detected by simultaneous DTA/TG measurements and can deteriorate the stability of crystal growth. This holds especially if the average valence in the solid is smaller than in the melt, because oxygen release can lead to bubble formation at the crystallization front.