Chen, D.; Manley, P.; Tockhorn, P.; Eisenhauer, D.; Köppel, G.; Hammerschmidt, M.; Burger, S.; Albrecht, S.; Becker, C.; Jäger, K.: Nanophotonic light management for perovskite–silicon tandem solar cells. Journal of Photonics for Energy 8 (2018), p. 022601/1-14
10.1117/1.JPE.8.022601
Open Accesn Version

Abstract:
Currently, perovskite–silicon tandem solar cells are one of the most investigated concepts for overcoming the theoretical limit for the power conversion efficiency of silicon solar cells. For monolithic tandem solar cells, the available light must be distributed equally between the two subcells, which is known as current matching. For a planar device design, a global optimization of the layer thicknesses in the perovskite top cell allows current matching to be reached and reflective losses of the solar cell to be minimized at the same time. However, even after this optimization, the reflection and parasitic absorption losses add up to 7  mA  /  cm2. In this contribution, we use numerical simulations to study how well hexagonal sinusoidal nanotextures in the perovskite top-cell can reduce the reflective losses of the combined tandem device. We investigate three configurations. The current density utilization can be increased from 91% for the optimized planar reference to 98% for the best nanotextured device (period 500 nm and peak-to-valley height 500 nm), where 100% refers to the Tiedje–Yablonovitch limit. In a first attempt to experimentally realize such nanophotonically structured perovskite solar cells for monolithic tandems, we investigate the morphology of perovskite layers deposited onto sinusoidally structured substrates.