Di Girolamo, D.; Matteocci, F.; Kosasih, F.; Chistiakova, G.; Zuo, W.; Divitini, G.; Korte, L.; Ducati, C.; Di Carlo, A.; Dini, D.; Abate, A.: Stability and Dark Hysteresis Correlate in NiO-Based Perovskite Solar Cells. Advanced Energy Materials 9 (2019), p. 1901642/1-10
Open Accesn Version

In perovskite solar cells (PSCs), the interfaces are a weak link with respect to degradation. Electrochemical reactivity of the perovskite's halides has been reported for both molecular and polymeric hole selective layers (HSLs), and here it is shown that also NiO brings about this decomposition mechanism. Employing NiO as an HSL in p–i–n PSCs with power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 16.8%, noncapacitive hysteresis is found in the dark, which is attributable to the bias-induced degradation of perovskite/NiO interface. The possibility of electrochemically decoupling NiO from the perovskite via the introduction of a buffer layer is explored. Employing a hybrid magnesium-organic interlayer, the noncapacitive hysteresis is entirely suppressed and the device's electrical stability is improved. At the same time, the PCE is improved up to 18% thanks to reduced interfacial charge recombination, which enables more efficient hole collection resulting in higher Voc and FF.