Niederhausen, J.; Franco-Cañellas, A.; Erker, S.; Schultz, T.; Broch, K.; Hinderhofer, A.; Duhm, S.; Thakur, P.K.; Duncan, D.A.; Gerlach, A.; Lee, T.L.; Hofmann, O.T.; Schreiber, F.; Koch, N.: X-ray standing waves reveal lack of OH termination at hydroxylated ZnO(0001) surfaces. Physical Review Materials 4 (2020), p. 020602/1-6
Open Accesn Version

The vertical adsorption distances of the planar conjugated organic molecule 3,4,9,10-perylenetetracarboxylic diimide (PTCDI) on hydroxylated ZnO(0001), determined with the x-ray standing wave technique (XSW), are at variance with adsorption geometries simulated with density functional theory for surface-structure models that consider terminating OH, whereas good agreement is found for PTCDI in direct contact with the topmost Zn layer. The consequential assignment of OH to subsurface sites is supported by additional, independent XSW and energy scanned photoelectron diffraction data and calls for a reconsideration of the prevalent surface models with important implications for the understanding of ZnO(0001) surfaces.