• Jana, S.; Knut, R.; Muralidhar, S.; Malik, R.S.; Stefanuik, R.; Åkerman, J.; Karis, O.; Schüßler-Langeheine, C.; Pontius, N.: Experimental confirmation of the delayed Ni demagnetization in FeNi alloy. Applied Physics Letters 120 (2022), p. 102404/1-5

Open Access Version

Element-selective techniques are central for the understanding of ultrafast spin dynamics in multi-element materials, such as magnetic alloys. Recently, however, it turned out that the commonly used technique of the transverse magneto-optical Kerr effect (T-MOKE) in the extreme ultraviolet range may have issues with unwanted crosstalk between different elemental signals and energy-dependent non-linear response. This problem can be sizeable, which puts recent observations of ultrafast spin transfer from Fe to Ni sites in FeNi alloys into question. In this study, we investigate the Fe-to-Ni spin transfer in a crosstalk-free time-resolved x-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) experiment with a reliable time reference. With XMCD near the absorption maxima, we find a very similar Fe and Ni dynamics as with T-MOKE from identical samples. Considering the potential non-linearities of the T-MOKE response, such a good agreement in our findings is remarkable. Our data provide the ongoing discussion about ultrafast spin-transfer mechanisms in FeNi systems with a broader experimental basis.