Hofmann, T.; Wallacher, D.; Toft-Petersen, R.; Ryll, B.; Reehuis, M.; Habicht, K.: Phonons in mesoporous silicon: The influence of nanostructuring on the dispersion in the Debye regime. Microporous and Mesoporous Materials 243 (2017), p. 263-270
10.1016/j.micromeso.2017.02.023

Abstract:
We present a comprehensive scattering study of nanostructured silicon. Neutron and x-ray scattering experiments elucidate structural and dynamical properties of electrochemically etched, porous silicon membranes with pores roughly 8 nm across. In particular, inelastic cold neutron scattering techniques reveal the phonon dispersion of the nanostructured, single crystalline samples in the linear Debye regime for energy transfers up to 4 meV. A modified dispersion relation characterized by systematically reduced sound velocities manifests itself in altered elastic properties of porous silicon when compared to bulk silicon. Its relevance for nanostructured silicon as thermoelectric material of interest is discussed.