Rojas, O.; Tiersch, B.; Rabe, C.; Stehle, R.; Hoell, A.; Arlt, B.; Koetz, J.: Nonaqueous Microemulsions Based on N,N'-Alkylimidazolium Alkylsulfate Ionic Liquids. Langmuir 29 (2013), p. 6833-6839
10.1021/la401080q

Abstract:
The ternary system composed of the ionic liquid surfactant (IL-S) 1-butyl-3 methylimidazolium dodecylsulfate ([Bmim][DodSO4]), the room temperature ionic liquid (RTIL) 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium ethylsulfate ([Emim][EtSO4]), and toluene has been investigated. Three major mechanisms guiding the structure of the isotropic phase were identified by means of conductometric experiments, which have been correlated to the presence of oil-in-IL, bicontinuous, and IL-in-oil microemulsions. IL-S forms micelles in toluene, which swell by adding RTIL as to be shown by dynamic light scattering (DLS) and small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) experiments. Therefore, it is possible to form water-free IL-in-oil reverse microemulsions ≤ 10 nm in size as a new type of nanoreactor.