Mönch, T.; Guttmann, P.; Murawski, J.; Elschner, C.; Riede, M.; Müller-Meskamp, L.; Leo, K.: Investigating local (photo-)current and structure of ZnPc:C60 bulk-heterojunctions. Organic Electronics 14 (2013), p. 2777-2788
10.1016/j.orgel.2013.07.031

Abstract:
The performance of organic solar cells strongly depends on the nanoscale structure of the used mixed absorber layer. Utilizing photoconductive and conductive atomic force microscopy (pcAFM and cAFM), as well as transmission X-ray microscopy (TXM), we investigate the influence of different substrate temperatures Tsub on the thin-film structure and local photocurrent in bulk-heterojunctions (BHJs) of vacuum deposited zinc phthalocyanine (ZnPc) and Buckminsterfullerene (C60) mixed absorber layers. In this paper, we present topography maps, photocurrent maps under short-circuit current conditions, dark-current maps, and TXM images with high lateral resolution down to 25 nm. We observe a strong influence of the substrate temperatures during deposition Tsub on the nanoscopical segregation of the two components in the BHJ. This segregation leads to a spatial extension of the dark-current and a reduced short-circuit current at higher substrate deposition temperatures Tsub.