Wang, Z.; Wu, J.; Xu, S.; Yang, W.; Wu, C.; Bera, A.K.; Islam, A.T.M.N.; Lake, B.; Kamenskyi, D.; Gogoi, P.; Engelkamp, H.; Wang, N.; Deisenhofer, J.; Loidl, A.: From confined spinons to emergent fermions: Observation of elementary magnetic excitations in a transverse-field Ising chain. Physical Review B 94 (2016), p. 125130/1-8
Open Accesn Version
We report on spectroscopy study of elementary magnetic excitations in an Ising-like antiferromagnetic chain compound SrCo2V2O8 as a function of temperature and applied transverse magnetic field up to 25 T. An optical as well as an acoustic branch of confined spinons, the elementary excitations at zero field, are identified in the antiferromagnetic phase below the N´eel temperature of 5 K and described by a one-dimensional Schr¨odinger equation. The confinement can be suppressed by an applied transverse field and a quantum disordered phase is induced at 7 T. In this disordered paramagnetic phase, we observe three emergent fermionic excitations with different transverse-field dependencies. The nature of these modes is clarified by studying spin dynamic structure factor of a 1D transverse-field Heisenberg-Ising (XXZ) model using the method of infinite time evolving block decimation. Our work reveals emergent quantum phenomena and provides a concrete system for testifying theoretical predications of one-dimension quantum spin models.