Peter, L.M.; Gurudayal, ; Wong, L.H.; Abdi, F.F.: Understanding the role of nanostructuring in photoelectrode performance for light-driven water splitting. Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry 819 (2018), p. 447-458
10.1016/j.jelechem.2017.12.031
Open Accesn Version

Abstract:
The analysis of capacitance data for regular nanostructured photoelectrodes is revisited using a hematite nanorod array as an example. The effects of the cylindrical nanorod geometry on the capacitance-voltage behaviour are outlined, and the limiting case of complete depletion is discussed in terms of the residual geometric capacity at the base of the nanorods. Since nanorod arrays generally leave areas of the substrate exposed, it is necessary to consider the parallel capacitance associated with the fraction of uncovered surface. The sensitivity of the capacitance fitting to parameter variation is explored. The enhancement of external quantum efficiency (EQE) by nanostructuring is also discussed using hematite nanorod arrays as experimental examples. It is shown that, although very substantial EQE enhancement should be achieved by simple geometric effects, the performance of nanostructured hematite electrodes in the visible region of the spectrum is considerably lower than predicted if all charge carriers generated in the space charge region (SCR) were collected. Further analysis reveals that the internal quantum efficiency increases with photon energy, suggesting that the probability of generating free, rather than bound, electron-hole pairs in hematite depends on the excess energy hv - Egap.