Low Dose Photoelectron Spectroscopy at PM4

The LowDose PES end-station is installed at the PM4 beamline. 

It is equipped with a SES100 hemispherical analyzer, as well as with a novel angle-resolved time-of-flight (ArTOF) spectrometer. 

Distinctive features of the latter are an extremely high transmission and the possibility to collect electrons over a very broad angular range in parallel. 

Thanks to the high transmission of the ArTOF, roughly 1000 times faster acquisition times and equally reduced dose rates can be achieved with respect to the more conventional hemispherical analyzers, thus making possible PES investigations of materials that usually suffer from radiation damage. 

When further considering its full cone detection capabilities, the ArTOF turns out to be particularly suitable to track changes in the sample electronic structure as a function of parameters such as gas exposure, temperature or delay after excitation from an optical pump. 

As the ArTOF calls for a pulsed source with repetition rate of few MHz maximum, a fast mechanical chopper is installed at the intermediate focus of the beamline enabling permanent access to 1.25 MHz - spaced X-ray bunches, not only with the single-bunch filling pattern of the storage ring, but also during the more common hybrid operation mode.

In spring 2016, an ultra-fast (300 fs) high-average power (30 W) high- repetition rate (up to 2MHz) infrared (1030 nm) laser will be incoupled to the LowDose PES, thus allowing time-resolved pump-probe photoemission measu

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Station data
Temperature range 10-500K
Pressure Range For details contact the scientist in charge.
Detector Scienta ArTOF-10k and SES-100 electron energy analyzers
Manipulators x,y,z,θ stage with Janis cryostat
Sample holder compatibility For details contact the scientist in charge.


Sample maximum size 10mm x 10mm, thickness up to 3mm
Top preparation chamber clean sample preparation - MCP LEED, mass spectrometer, many free ports
Side prep. chamber (clean) preparation chamber for non-organic samples - several ports for replaceable evaporators etc, gas inlet, quartz microbalance, sputter gun, resistive heating up to 900 K, mass spectrometer, storage place for 6 samples (2 heatable, 4 not-heatable)
Side prep. chamber (organics) preparation chamber for organic samples - several ports for replaceable evaporators etc, storage place for 3 samples