On 16 May 2022, HZB received a delegation from the Brazilian Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation (MCTI). Vice-Minister of Science Sergio Freitas de Almeida was visibly impressed by the many research activities being done at HZB to drive the transition to a climate-neutral energy supply in society forward.
The delegation visited HZB in advance of the 9th German–Brazilian Dialogue on Science, taking place from 17 to 20 May 2022 in Berlin. Vice-Minister Sergio Freitas de Almeida was accompanied by State Secretaries José Gontijo (Entrepreneurship and Innovation) and Marcelo Morales (Research and Scientific Training) along with other government representatives.
The delegation toured the X-ray source BESSY II which, of course, is also available to Brazilian researchers. The energy research laboratory EMIL and the new research platform for catalysis research CatLab were also on the tour programme. New catalysts are a key component for producing green hydrogen efficiently and cost-effectively, as well as alternative, sustainable fuels and green raw materials for the chemical industry. The interest of the Brazilian delegation in the development of hydrogen technologies was very high. They were also very interested in cooperation between their light source SIRIUS in Campinas (Sao Paolo) and BESSY II in Berlin.
The discussions with representatives of the Brazilian government inspired all participants to strengthen cooperation in the area of research.
Green Deal Ukraina, funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research, is working with partner institutions in Ukraine and Poland to establish an energy and climate think tank in the capital, Kiev. The aim is to provide independent and evidence-based advice on rebuilding a sustainable energy system in Ukraine. After all, the implementation of energy and climate legislation is a prerequisite for Ukraine's accession to the EU. The project started on 1 June 2023 and will run for four years.
Magnetic domains walls are known to be a source of electrical resistance due to the difficulty for transport electron spins to follow their magnetic texture. This phenomenon holds potential for utilization in spintronic devices, where the electrical resistance can vary based on the presence or absence of a domain wall. A particularly intriguing class of materials are half metals such as La2/3Sr1/3MnO3 (LSMO) which present full spin polarization, allowing their exploitation in spintronic devices. Still the resistance of a single domain wall in half metals remained unknown. Now a team from Spain, France and Germany has generated a single domain wall on a LSMO nanowire and measured resistance changes 20 times larger than for a normal ferromagnet such as Cobalt.
A new quasiparticle with interesting properties has appeared in solid-state physics - but so far only in the theoretical modelling of solids with certain magnetic properties. An international team from HZB and Freie Universität Berlin has now shown that, contrary to expectations, quantum fluctuations do not make the quasiparticle appear more clearly, but rather blur its signature.