Gutierrez-Partida, E.; Hempel, H.; Caicedo-Dávila, S.; Raoufi, M.; Peña-Camargo, F.; Grischek, M.; Gunder, R.; Diekmann, J.; Caprioglio, P.; Brinkmann, K.O.; Köbler, H.; Albrecht, S.; Riedl, T.; Abate, A.; Abou-Ras, D.; Unold, T.; Neher, D.; Stolterfoht, M.: Large-Grain Double Cation Perovskites with 18 μs Lifetime and High Luminescence Yield for Efficient Inverted Perovskite Solar Cells. ACS Energy Letters 6 (2021), p. 1045-1054
10.1021/acsenergylett.0c02642

Abstract:
Recent advancements in perovskite solar cell performance were achieved by stabilizing the α-phase of FAPbI3 in nip-type architectures. However, these advancements could not be directly translated to pin-type devices. Here, we fabricated a high-quality double cation perovskite (MA0.07FA0.93PbI3) with low bandgap energy (1.54 eV) using a two-step approach on a standard polymer (PTAA). The perovskite films exhibit large grains (∼1 μm), high external photoluminescence quantum yields of 20%, and outstanding Shockley–Read–Hall carrier lifetimes of 18.2 μs without further passivation. The exceptional optoelectronic quality of the neat material was translated into efficient pin-type cells (up to 22.5%) with improved stability under illumination. The low-gap cells stand out by their high fill factor (∼83%) due to reduced charge transport losses and short-circuit currents >24 mA cm–2. Using intensity-dependent quasi-Fermi level splitting measurements, we quantify an implied efficiency of 28.4% in the neat material, which can be realized by minimizing interfacial recombination and optical losses.