Heim, K.; Vinod Kumar, G.S.; Garcia-Moreno, F.; Manke, I.; Banhart, J.: Drainage of particle-stabilised aluminium composites through single films and Plateau borders. Colloids and Surfaces A-Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects 438 (2013), p. 85-92
Liquid metallic alloys with and without stabilizing particles such as TiB2 or SiC were processed to single films or artificial single Plateau borders to clarify the stabilization mechanisms of metallic foams based on the same melts. First, isolated single films were pulled out of a liquid metal by using circular wire frames of various sizes. Modified wire frame structures comprising double or quadruple parallel frames were then used to create artificial metallic Plateau borders. Drainage in single metallic films between two Plateau borders was studied by cutting films vertically and analysing their cross sections. Particle movement in liquid films was observed in-situ via synchrotron X-ray radioscopy. It was found that Mg-free liquid metallic alloys containing stabilising particles are less stable and rupture immediately because of unhindered drainage. In contrast, films made of AlSi9Mg0.6 alloy containing TiB2 or SiC are stable for long holding times. Our study shows that the complexity of drainage and evolution of Plateau borders in true metal foams can be studied by using a simple model system based on a single metallic film between two artificial Plateau borders.