Becker, C.; Wyss, P.; Eisenhauer, D.; Probst, J.; Preidel, V.; Hammerschmidt, M.; Burger, S.: 5 x 5 cm2 silicon photonic crystal slabs on glass and plastic foil revealing broadband absorption and high-intensity near-fields. Scientific Reports 4 (2014), p. 5886/1-7
Open Accesn Version
Crystalline silicon photonic crystal slabs are widely used in various photonics applications. So far, the commercial success of such structures is still limited owed to the lack of cost-effective fabrication processes enabling large nanopatterned areas (>> 1 cm2). We present a simple method for producing crystalline silicon nanohole arrays of up to 5 x 5 cm2 size with lattice pitches between 600 and 1000 nm on glass and flexible plastic substrates. Exclusively up-scalable, fast fabrication processes are applied such as nanoimprint-lithography and silicon evaporation. The broadband light trapping efficiency of the arrays is among the best values reported for large-area experimental crystalline silicon nanostructures. Further, measured photonic crystal resonance modes are in good accordance with light scattering simulations predicting strong near-field intensity enhancements greater than 500. Hence, the large-area silicon nanohole arrays might become a promising platform for ultrathin solar cells on lightweight substrates, high-sensitive optical biosensors, and nonlinear optics.