Sales, M.; Plomp, J.; Habicht, K.; Strobl, M.: Investigating time-of-flight spin-echo modulation for small-angle neutron scattering through experiments and simulation. Journal of Applied Crystallography 48 (2015), p. 92–96
A spin-echo-modulated small-angle neutron scattering (SEMSANS) instrument in a time-of-flight (TOF) mode will be able to excel at pulsed neutron sources such as the European Spallation Source (ESS), currently under construction. This work compares experimental data from a TOF SEMSANS setup, where a spatial beam modulation of a white beam is obtained using triangular field coils, with Monte Carlo ray-tracing simulations. The experiments and simulations in accordance demonstrate that a good contrast can be achieved when using a constant field in the triangular coils. In the reported setup only neutrons with certain wavelengths rotate by a Larmor precession angle that spatially modulates their polarization to coincide with the period of a grating installed at the detector position. This is shown by measuring with a broad wavelength range while scanning the echo condition.