Krause, S.; Bon, V.; Stoeck, U.; Senkovska, I.; Többens, D.; Wallacher, D.; Kaskel, S.: A Stimuli-Responsive Zirconium Metal–Organic Framework Based on Supermolecular Design. Angewandte Chemie 129 (2017), p. 10816-10820
A flexible, yet very stable metal–organic framework (DUT-98, Zr6O4(OH)4(CPCDC)4(H2O)4, CPCDC=9-(4-carboxyphenyl)- 9H-carbazole-3,6-dicarboxylate) was synthesized using a rational supermolecular building block approach based on molecular modelling of metal–organic chains and subsequent virtual interlinking into a 3D MOF. Structural characterization via synchrotron single-crystal X-ray diffraction (SCXRD) revealed theone-dimensional pore architecture of DUT-98, envisioned in silico. After supercritical solvent extraction, distinctive responses towards various gases stimulated reversible structural transformations, as detected using coupled synchrotron diffraction and physisorption techniques. DUT-98 shows a surprisingly low water uptake but a high selectivity for pore opening towards specific gases and vapors (N2, CO2, n-butane, alcohols) at characteristic pressure resulting in multiple steps in the adsorption isotherm and hysteretic behavior upon desorption.