Hempel, H.; Hages, C.J.; Eichberger, R.; Repin, I.; Unold, T.: Minority and Majority Charge Carrier Mobility in Cu2ZnSnSe4 revealed by Terahertz Spectroscopy. Scientific Reports 8 (2018), p. 14476/1-9
Open Accesn Version

The mobilities of electrons and holes determine the applicability of any semiconductor, but their individual measurement remains a major challenge. Here, we show that time-resolved terahertz spectroscopy (TRTS) can distinguish the mobilities of minority and majority charge carriers independently of the doping-type and without electrical contacts. To this end, we combine the well-established determination of the sum of electron and hole mobilities from photo-induced THz absorption spectra with mobility-dependent ambipolar modeling of TRTS transients. The method is demonstrated on a polycrystalline Cu2ZnSnSe4 thin film and reveals a minority (electron) mobility of 128 cm^2/V s and a majority (hole) carrier mobility of 7 cm^2/V s in the vertical transport direction relevant for light emitting, photovoltaic and solar water splitting devices. Additionally, the TRTS analysis yields an effective bulk carrier lifetime of 4.4 ns, a surface recombination velocity of 6*10^4 cm/s and a doping concentration of ca. 10^16 cm-3, thus offering the potential for contactless screen novel optoelectronic materials.