ERC Synergy grant with HZB participation

Computer scientist Andreas Maier, materials researcher Silke Christiansen and medical expert Georg Schett have been awarded with an ERC Synergy Grant.

Computer scientist Andreas Maier, materials researcher Silke Christiansen and medical expert Georg Schett have been awarded with an ERC Synergy Grant. © FAU

Novel X-ray microscope to produce microstructural images in situ and in vivo

An interdisciplinary team of scientists will develop a new imaging method to investigate osteoporosis and other bone diseases in living subjects. Prof. Silke Christiansen, a scientist at HZB and physics professor at Freie Universität Berlin, will contribute her expertise in correlative microscopy and nanotechnology. The 4-D+ nanoSCOPE project has now been selected by the European Research Council for an ERC Synergy Grant and will be funded for 72 months by up to 12.3 million euros.

The number of elderly and very old people is increasing world-wide, and therefore also the number of patients suffering from osteoporosis. This disease considerably impairs quality of life and results in high social expenditures. Nevertheless, the origin and course of osteoporosis are still not sufficiently understood. This is because methods for in-depth analysis of the evolution over time of the bone microstructure on living individuals are not yet available, especially methods that would also allow larger matrix studies having statistical significance. Now an interdisciplinary research team hopes to change this situation.

Professors Georg Schett (Universitätsklinikum Erlangen university hospital), Andreas Maier (Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg FAU) and Silke Christiansen (Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin für Materialien und Energie HZB and Freie Universität Berlin) plan to make X-ray microscopy of living organisms feasible for the first time. They plan to develop a unique fast-scanning, low-dose X-ray microscope, named the "4D+ nanoSCOPE", by modifying the hardware and software of an XRM Versa 520 in close cooperation with Carl Zeiss Microscopy. In particular, this will involve integration of a novel high-performance X-ray source and an ultra-fast read-out detector. Data evaluation will also benefit from application of the latest machine learning methods, referred to as Precision Learning.

For the first time, the 4-D nanoscope will make it possible to monitor the micro- and nanostructure of bones in living individuals over time and thus understand the process of bone remodelling. This makes it possible to assess the effects of aging, hormone state, inflammatory processes, medications, and other approaches for treatment of the bone.

“We congratulate Silke Christiansen and her colleagues on this very prestigious and truly synergistic grant. The new microscope will initially be used in medical research, but we look forward to applying its unique capabilities in energy research as well”, says Prof. Bernd Rech, Scientific Director of the HZB. The method also makes in situ studies of dynamic processes in natural and synthetic materials feasible, for example the observation and recording of corrosion processes and microfracturing.

The HZB has considerable expertise in the field of X-ray studies and electron microscopy, and has set up a modern joint equipment facility (CoreLabs) that is primarily used for research on thin-film solar cells, solar fuels, and other energy materials. The HZB CoreLabs and the HZB state-of-the-art Zeiss Labs@Location X-ray microscopes complement the BESSY II synchrotron at HZB.

 

Project name: 4-D+ nanoSCOPE – Advancing osteoporosis medicine by observing bone microstructure and remodelling using a four-dimensional nanoscope.

red.


You might also be interested in

  • A new way to control the magnetic properties of rare earth elements
    Science Highlight
    17.07.2024
    A new way to control the magnetic properties of rare earth elements
    The special properties of rare earth magnetic materials are due to the electrons in the 4f shell. Until now, the magnetic properties of 4f electrons were considered almost impossible to control. Now, a team from HZB, Freie Universität Berlin and other institutions has shown for the first time that laser pulses can influence 4f electrons- and thus change their magnetic properties. The discovery, which was made through experiments at EuXFEL and FLASH, opens up a new way to data storage with rare earth elements.
  • BESSY II shows how solid-state batteries degrade
    Science Highlight
    09.07.2024
    BESSY II shows how solid-state batteries degrade
    Solid-state batteries have several advantages: they can store more energy and are safer than batteries with liquid electrolytes. However, they do not last as long and their capacity decreases with each charge cycle. But it doesn't have to stay that way: Researchers are already on the trail of the causes. In the journal ACS Energy Letters, a team from HZB and Justus-Liebig-Universität, Giessen, presents a new method for precisely monitoring electrochemical reactions during the operation of a solid-state battery using photoelectron spectroscopy at BESSY II. The results help to improve battery materials and design.
  • Helmholtz Institute for Polymers in Energy Applications (HIPOLE Jena) Inaugurated
    News
    19.06.2024
    Helmholtz Institute for Polymers in Energy Applications (HIPOLE Jena) Inaugurated
    On June 17, 2024, the Helmholtz Institute for Polymers in Energy Applications (HIPOLE Jena) was officially inaugurated in Jena in the presence of Wolfgang Tiefensee, Minister for Economy, Science, and Digital Society of the Free State of Thuringia. The institute was founded by the Helmholtz Center Berlin for Materials and Energy (HZB) in cooperation with the Friedrich Schiller University Jena. It is dedicated to developing sustainable polymer materials for energy technologies, which are expected to play a key role in the energy transition and support Germany’s goal of becoming climate-neutral by 2045.