BESSY II: Experimental verification of an exotic quantum phase in Au2Pb

The figure shows the measured energy-momentum relationship for Au<sub>2</sub>Pb. The linear behavior is evidence for a Dirac semimetal. In addition, a Lifshitz transition is observed: At temperatures 223 K and below, the electrons behave like positively charged particles, whereas at room temperature they behave like negatively charged ones.&nbsp;

The figure shows the measured energy-momentum relationship for Au2Pb. The linear behavior is evidence for a Dirac semimetal. In addition, a Lifshitz transition is observed: At temperatures 223 K and below, the electrons behave like positively charged particles, whereas at room temperature they behave like negatively charged ones.  © HZB

A team of HZB has investigated the electronic structure of  Au2Pb at BESSY II by angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy across a wide temperature range: The results are in accordance with the electronic structure of a three-dimensional topological Dirac semimetal, in agreement with theoretical calculations.

The experimental data unveil some very special features linked to a Lifshitz transition. The study broadens the range of currently known materials exhibiting three-dimensional Dirac phases, and the observed Lifshitz transition demonstrates a viable mechanism to switch the charge carrier type in electric transport without the need for external doping. Moreover, the material becomes interesting as candidate for the realization of a topological superconductor.

The study which includes theory from San Sebastian and synthesis from Princeton was highlighted as Editor's Suggestion in the journal Physical Review Letters.

red.


You might also be interested in

  • Spintronics: A new path to room temperature swirling spin textures
    Science Highlight
    16.04.2024
    Spintronics: A new path to room temperature swirling spin textures
    A team at HZB has investigated a new, simple method at BESSY II that can be used to create stable radial magnetic vortices in magnetic thin films.

  • BESSY II: How pulsed charging enhances the service time of batteries
    Science Highlight
    08.04.2024
    BESSY II: How pulsed charging enhances the service time of batteries
    An improved charging protocol might help lithium-ion batteries to last much longer. Charging with a high-frequency pulsed current reduces ageing effects, an international team demonstrated. The study was led by Philipp Adelhelm (HZB and Humboldt University) in collaboration with teams from the Technical University of Berlin and Aalborg University in Denmark. Experiments at the X-ray source BESSY II were particularly revealing.
  • Fuel Cells: Oxidation processes of phosphoric acid revealed by tender X-rays
    Science Highlight
    03.04.2024
    Fuel Cells: Oxidation processes of phosphoric acid revealed by tender X-rays
    The interactions between phosphoric acid and the platinum catalyst in high-temperature PEM fuel cells are more complex than previously assumed. Experiments at BESSY II with tender X-rays have decoded the multiple oxidation processes at the platinum-electrolyte interface. The results indicate that variations in humidity can influence some of these processes in order to increase the lifetime and efficiency of fuel cells.