Paulisch, M. C.; Gebhard, M.; Franzen, D.; Hilger, A.; Osenberg, M.; Kardjilov, N.; Ellendorff, B.; Turek, T.; Roth, C.; Manke, I.: Operando Laboratory X-Ray Imaging of Silver-Based Gas Diffusion Electrodes during Oxygen Reduction Reaction in Highly Alkaline Media. Materials 12 (2019), p. 2686/1-15
10.3390/ma12172686
Open Accesn Version

Abstract:
Operando laboratory X-ray radiographies were carried out for imaging of two di erent silver-based gas di usion electrodes containing an electroconductive Ni mesh structure, one gas di usion electrode composed of 95 wt.% Ag and 5 wt.% polytetrafluoroethylene and one composed of 97 wt.% Ag and 3 wt.% polytetrafluoroethylene, under di erent operating parameters. Thereby, correlations of their electrochemical behavior and the transport of the 30 wt.% NaOH electrolyte through the gas di usion electrodes were revealed. The work was divided into two parts. In the first step, the microstructure of the gas di usion electrodes was analyzed ex situ by a combination of focused ion beam technology and synchrotron as well as laboratory X-ray tomography and radiography. In the second step, operando laboratory X-ray radiographies were performed during chronoamperometric measurements at di erent potentials. The combination of the ex situ microstructural analyses and the operando measurements reveals the impact of the microstructure on the electrolyte transport through the gas di usion electrodes. Hence, an impact of the Ni mesh structure within the gas di usion electrode on the droplet formation could be shown. Moreover, it could be observed that increasing overpotentials cause increasing electrolyte transport velocities and faster droplet formation due to electrowetting. In general, higher electrolyte transport velocities were found for the gas di usion electrode with 97 wt.% Ag in contrast to that with 95 wt.% Ag.