Markötter, H.; Haußmann, J.; Alink, R.; Tötzke, C.; Arlt, T.; Klages, M.; Riesemeier, H.; Scholta, J.; Gerteisen, D.; Banhart, J.; Manke, I.: Influence of cracks in the microporous layer on the water distribution in a PEM fuel cell investigated by synchrotron radiography. Electrochemistry Communications 34 (2013), p. 22-24
10.1016/j.elecom.2013.04.006

Abstract:
Water evolution in the gas diffusion layer of a polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell was visualized in situ by means of synchrotron X-ray radiography. Cracks in the microporous layer were identified as start points of efficient liquid water transfer paths through the gas diffusion layer. Quantitative analysis of the water flow rate through those arbitrarily distributed cracks into the gas channel revealed that they have a strong influence on the overall liquid water transport. This could find entry into future material design and simulation.