Seibel, I.; Riechardt, A.I.; Erb-Eigner, K.; Böker, A.; Cordini, D.; Heufelder, J.; Joussen, A.M.: Proton Beam Irradiation: A Safe Procedure in Postequatorial Extraocular Extension From Uveal Melanoma. American Journal of Ophthalmology 191 (2018), p. 49-53

PURPOSE: This study was performed to show long-term outcomes concerning metastasis rates and local recurrence rates after primary proton beam therapy in uveal melanoma with posterior extraocular extension (EOE) with the main focus on optic nerve invasion. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: All patients treated with primary proton beam therapy for choroidal or ciliary body melanoma with posterior EOE between July 1998 and August 2010 were included. EOE was detected either upon sonography at primary examination or during the surgical application of tantalum clips onto the sclera. Ultrasound was performed in each patient before surgery, and if EOE was detected, a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan was performed to confirm EOE. All patients with tumors exceeding 6 mm in thickness or abutting the optic disc received a 1.5 Tesla MRI scan after clip surgery. To assess EOE during follow-up, either ultrasound examinations or-if initially detected only by MRI-MRI scans were performed during follow-up. RESULTS: A total of 27 patients underwent primary proton beam therapy. The EOE was separated into 3 growth types: optic nerve infiltration in 10 patients, vortex vein infiltration in 9 patients, and transscleral growth postequatorially in 8 patients. No local recurrences were found during the overall median follow-up of 80 months (11-168 months). Metastasis rates correlated with AJCC stages but not EOE volume. CONCLUSION: This study shows that posterior EOE can safely be treated by proton beam therapy, even if the optic nerve is infiltrated. MRI enables safe detection of optic nerve invasion.