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Abteilung Mikrostruktur- und Eigenspannungsanalyse

Veröffentlichungen am Neutronendiffraktometer E3


  • "Characterizing Changes in Grain Growth, Mechanical Properties, and Transformation Properties in Differently Sintered and Annealed Binder-Jet 3D Printed 14M Ni-Mn-Ga Magnetic Shape Memory Alloys" Acierno, A.; Mostafaei, A.; Toman, J.; Kimes, K.; Boin, M.; Wimpory, R.C.; Laitinen, V.; Saren, A.; Ullakko, K.; Chmielus, M. (2022) Metals 12, p. 724/1-16. doi: 10.3390/met12050724
  • "Uphill Quenching to Reduce Residual Stress in Aluminium Alloy 7449 Hollow Structures" Robinson, J.S.; O'Donovan, A.; Wimpory, R.C. (2022) Experimental Mechanics. doi: 10.1007/s11340-022-00836-8
  • "Formation of residual stresses during quenching of Ti17 and Ti-6Al-4V alloys: Influence of phase transformations" Teixeira, J.; Maréchal, D.; Wimpory, R.C.; Denis, S.; Lefebvre, F.; Frappier, R. (2022) Materials Science and Engineering A 832, p. 142456/1-17. doi: 10.1016/j.msea.2021.142456
  • "In-depth residual stress analysis considering manufacturing process and cyclic loading of bolts" Unglaub, J.; Wimpory, R.C.; Hensel, J. (2022) Engineering Structures 267, p. 114652. doi: 10.1016/j.engstruct.2022.114652


  • "Complementary Methods for Assessment of Residual Stress Fields Induced by Rotary Swaging of Steel Bars" Charni D., Ishkina S., Epp J., Herrmann M., Schenck C., Kuhfuss B. (2021). Forming the Future. The Minerals, Metals & Materials Series, 2233-2247. doi: 10.4322/2176-1523.20212403
  • "Residual stress states in cementite and ferrite in a combined cold drawing process of AISI 1045 steel using neutron diffraction and synchrotron radiation" Nunes, R.M, da Silva Rocha, A. & Hirsch, Th.G.K. (2021). Tecnol. Metal. Mater. Min. 18, e2403. doi: 10.4322/2176-1523.20212403
  • "Mechanical anisotropy of additively manufactured stainless steel 316L: An experimental and numerical study " A. Charmi, R. Falkenberg, L. Ávila, G. Mohr, K. Sommer, A. Ulbricht, M. Sprengel, R. Saliwan Neumann, B. Skrotzki, A. Evans (2021). Materials Science and Engineering: A 799, 140154. doi: 10.1016/j.msea.2020.140154
  • "Influence of welding stresses on relief cracking during heat treatment of a creep-resistant 13CrMoV steel Part III: assessment of residual stresses from small-scale to real component welds" Schroepfer, D., Kromm, A., Lausch, T., Rhode, M., Wimpory, R.C. & Kannengiesser, T. (2021). Welding in the World. doi: 10.1007/s40194-021-01101-7
  • "Scanning Manufacturing Parameters Determining the Residual Stress State in LPBF IN718 Small Parts" Serrano-Munoz, I., Ulbricht, A., Fritsch, T., Mishurova, T., Kromm, A., Hofmann, M., Wimpory, R.C., Evans, A. & Bruno, G. (2021). Adv. Eng. Mater. 23, 2100158. doi: 10.1002/adem.202100158
  • "Critical role of scan strategies on the development of microstructure, texture, and residual stresses during laser powder bed fusion additive manufacturing” Nadammal, N., Mishurova, T., Fritsch, T., Serrano-Munoz, I., Kromm, A., Haberland, C., Portella, P. D. & Bruno, G. (2021). Additive Manufacturing 38, 101792. doi: 10.1016/j.addma.2020.101792
  • "Towards the Optimization of Post-Laser Powder Bed Fusion Stress-Relieve Treatments of Stainless Steel 316L” Sprengel, M.; Ulbricht, A.; Evans, A.; Kromm, A.; Sommer, K.; Werner, T.; Kelleher. J.;, Bruno, G.; Kannengiesser, T. (2021) Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A 52, 5342–5356. doi: 10.1007/s11661-021-06472-6
  • "Residual Stresses, and Wear Resistance of Aluminum-Alumina Composites Obtained by Squeeze Casting and Powder Metallurgy" Maj, J.; Węglewski, W.; Bochenek, K.; Rogal, Ł.; Woźniacka, S.; Basista, M. (2021) Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A 52, 4727–4736 doi: 10.1007/s11661-021-06401-7
  • "Experimentelle und numerische Untersuchung des Ermüdungsverhaltens von verfestigten Kerben und Schweißverbindungen nach dem Hochfrequenzhämmern" Schubnell J. (2021), PhD Thesis, Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT). link
  • "Étude thermomécanique du procédé de fabrication métallique arc-fil: approche numérique et expérimentale" Cambon C. (2021), Thesis, Université Montpellier. link


  • "Stress-induced damage evolution in cast AlSi12CuMgNi alloy with one- and two-ceramic reinforcements. Part II: effect of reinforcement orientation" Evsevleev, S., Cabeza, S., Mishurova, T., Garcés, G., Sevostianov, I., Requena, G., Boin, M., Hofmann, M., & Bruno, G. (2020). J. Mater. Sci. 55(3), 1049–1068. doi: 10.1007/s10853-019-04069-4
  • "Residual Stress and Microstructure of a Ti-6Al-4V Wire Arc Additive Manufacturing Hybrid Demonstrator" Mishurova, T., Sydow, B., Thiede, T., Sizova, I., Ulbricht, A., Bambach, M., & Bruno, G. (2020). Metals (Basel). 10(6), 701. doi: 10.3390/met10060701
  • "The influence of work hardening and residual stresses on the fatigue behavior of high frequency mechanical impact treated surface layers" Schubnell, J., Pontner, P., Wimpory, R. C., Farajian, M., & Schulze, V. (2020). Int. J. Fatigue 134. doi: 10.1016/j.ijfatigue.2019.105450
  • "A multiscale analysis of additively manufactured lattice structures" Thiede, T. (2020). Thesis, Universität Potsdam. doi: 10.25932/publishup-47041
  • "Neutron diffraction measurements of weld residual stresses in three-pass slot weld (Alloy 600/82) and assessment of the measurement uncertainty" Akrivos, V., Wimpory, R. C., Hofmann, M., Stewart, B., Muransky, O., Smith, M. C., & Bouchard, J. (2020). J. Appl. Crystallogr. 53(5). doi: 10.1107/S1600576720009140
  • "Residual stress relaxation in HFMI-treated fillet welds after single overload peaks" Schubnell, J., Carl, E., Farajian, M., Gkatzogiannis, S., Knödel, P., Ummenhofer, T., Wimpory, R., & Eslami, H. (2020). Weld. World 64(6), 1107–1117. doi: 10.1007/s40194-020-00902-6
  • "Thermo-mechanical simulation of overlaid layers made with wire + arc additive manufacturing and GMAW-cold metal transfer" Cambon, C., Rouquette, S., Bendaoud, I., Bordreuil, C., Wimpory, R., & Soulie, F. (2020). Weld. World 64(8), 1427–1435. doi: 10.1007/s40194-020-00951-x
  • "Grain Growth, Porosity, and Hardness Changes in Sintered and Annealed Binder-Jet 3D Printed Ni-Mn-Ga Magnetic Shape Memory Alloys" Acierno, A., Toman, J., Kimes, K., Mostafaei, A., Boin, M., Wimpory, R., & Chmielus, M. (2020). Microsc. Microanal. 1–4. doi: 10.1017/S1431927620023764
  • "Comparison of Residual Stress Measurements on Single Bead-on-Plate Welds of a Martensitic Steel Using Neutron Diffraction." Alexandratos, S.A., Wimpory, R.C., Lee, T., Mac Ardghail, P., Leen, S.B. & O’Dowd, N.P. (2020). Proceedings of the ASME 2020 Pressure Vessels & Piping Conference. Vol. 6: Materials and Fabrication. doi: 10.1115/PVP2020-21776
  • "Stress Distributions in P91 Martensitic Steel and in AISI 316LN Steel Welds for Gen IV Nuclear Applications" Agostini, P., Barbieri, G., Coppola, R., Moncada, M., Ohms, C. & Wimpory. R.C. (2020). Journal of Surface Investigation: X-ray, Synchrotron and Neutron Techniques 14, S25-S30. doi: 10.1134/S1027451020070022
  • "A Critical Discussion on the Diffraction-Based Experimental Determination of Residual Stress in AM Parts" T.  Mishurova, I.  Serrano-Muñoz, T.  Fritsch, A.  Ulbricht, M.  Sprengel, A.  Evans, A.  Kromm, M.  Madia, G. (2020). Structural Integrity of Additive Manufactured Materials and Parts, 122-138. doi: 10.1520/STP163120190148
  • "A correlation between microstructure and residual stress in the 6061 Al–Mg–Si alloy with different thermomechanical process" Milagre, M.X., Franco, M., Genezini, F., Wimpory, R.C. & Yokaichiya, F. (2020). SN Applied Sciences 2, 2106. doi: 10.1007/s42452-020-03945-y
  • "Investigation and analysis of the pre-straightening influences in AISI 1045 steel drawn bars" Theis Soares Diehl, C.A.. (2020). University Bremen & Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul. link


  • Simplified residual stress and distortion calculations of multi-pass welds and their possible influence on result quality" Klassen, J., Nitschke-Pagel, T., & Dilger, K. (2019). Weld. World Vol. 63, pp. 1291–1301. doi: 10.1007/s40194-019-00748-7
  • "Residual lattice strain and phase distribution in Ti-6Al-4V produced by electron beam melting" Maimaitiyili, T., Woracek, R., Neikter, M., Boin, M., Wimpory, R. C., Pederson, R., Strobl, M., Drakopoulos, M., Schäfer, N., & Bjerkén, C. (2019). Materials (Basel). Vol. 12, p. 667. doi: 10.3390/ma12040667
  • "Understanding the negative thermal expansion in planar graphite–metal composites" Oddone, V., Wimpory, R. C., & Reich, S. (2019). J. Mater. Sci. Vol. 54, pp. 1267–1274. doi: 10.1007/s10853-018-2879-y
  • "Residual stress, microstructure and mechanical properties in thick 6005a-t6 aluminium alloy friction stirwelds" Liu, X., Xie, P., Wimpory, R., Li, W., Lai, R., Li, M., Chen, D., Liu, Y., & Zhao, H. (2019). Metals (Basel). Vol. 9, p. 803. doi: 10.3390/met9070803
  • "A novel manufacturing process and validated predictive model for high-strength and low-residual stresses in extra-large 7xxx panels" Zheng, J. H., Pan, R., Wimpory, R. C., Lin, J., Li, C., & Davies, C. M. (2019). Mater. Des. 173, 0264–1275. doi: 10.1016/j.matdes.2019.107767
  • "Influence of low magnitude plastic strains on residual stress in 7075 aluminium alloy" Robinson, J. S. & Wimpory, R. C. (2019). Mater. Sci. Technol. (United Kingdom) 35(11), 1381–1391. doi: 10.1080/02670836.2019.1625555
  • "Numerical investigation the of WC re-precipitation impact on the residual stress state in WC20 wt.-%Co hardmetal" Kayser, W., van Kempen, S., Bezold, A., Boin, M., Wimpory, R., & Broeckmann, C. (2019). Int. J. Refract. Met. Hard Mater. 84(N), 105003. doi: 10.1016/j.ijrmhm.2019.105003
  • "Einflussfaktoren auf den Eigenspannungszustand in Hartmetall" Kayser, W. (2019). PhD Thesis, RWTH Aachen. link
  • "Lightweight Metal Matrix Composites with Graphitic Fillers Showing High Thermal Conductivity and Low Thermal Expansion" Oddone, V. (2019). PhD Thesis, Freie Universitaet Berlin. link
  • "Einfluss von Eigenspannungen auf die Ermüdungsfestigkeit großer Schrauben" Unglaub, J. (2019). PhD Thesis, Institut für Stahlbau, TU Braunschweig. link


  • "The Determination of Residual Stress in Quenched and Cold-Compressed 7050 Aluminum Alloy T-Section Forgings by the Contour Method and Neutron Diffraction" Liu, X.; Wimpory, R.C.; Gong, H.; Liu, Y.; Chen, D.; Liu, Y.; Wu, Y. & Li, C. (2018). Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance 27(11), 6049-605, doi: 10.1007/s11665-018-3676-0
  • "Analysis of Residual Stress State in Deep-Rolled HT-Bolts" Unglaub, J.; Hensel, J.;  Wimpory, R.C.; Nitschke-Pagel, Th.; Dilger, K. & Thiele, K. (2018).  Materials Research Proceedings 6, 209-214, doi: 10.21741/9781945291890-33
  • "Use of Symmetry for Residual Stress Determination" Wimpory, R.C. & Hofmann, M. (2018).  Materials Research Proceedings 6, 9-14, doi: 10.21741/9781945291890-2
  • "Residual Stresses in Selective Laser Melted Samples of a Nickel Based Superalloy" Kromm, A.; Cabeza, S.; Mishurova, T.; Nadammal, N.; Thiede, T. & Bruno, G. (2018).  Materials Research Proceedings 6, 259-264, doi: 10.21741/9781945291890-41
  • "The NeT Task Group 4 residual stress measurement and analysis round robin on a three-pass slot-welded plate specimen" Smith, M.C.; Smith, A.C.; Ohms, C. & Wimpory, R.C. (2018). International Journal of Pressure Vessels and Piping 164, 3-21, ISSN 0308-0161, doi: 10.1016/j.ijpvp.2017.09.003
  • "A complete reassessment of standard residual stress uncertainty analyses using neutron diffraction emphasizing the influence of grain size" Wimpory, R.C.; Martins, R.V.; Hofmann, M.; Rebelo Kornmeier, J.; Moturu, S. & Ohms, C. (2018). International Journal of Pressure Vessels and Piping 164, 80-92, ISSN 0308-0161, doi: 10.1016/j.ijpvp.2017.09.002
  • "Numerical simulation of a three-pass TIG welding using finite element method with validation from measurements" Abburi Venkata, K.; Truman, C.E.; Wimpory, R.C. & Pirling, T. (2018). International Journal of Pressure Vessels and Piping 164, 68-79, ISSN 0308-0161, doi: 10.1016/j.ijpvp.2017.05.014
  • "The role of intermetallics in stress partitioning and damage evolution of AlSi12CuMgNi alloy" Evsevleev, S.; Mishurova, T.; Cabeza, S.; Koos, R.; Sevostianov, I.; Garcés, G.; Requena, G.; Fernandez, R. & Bruno, G. (2018). Materials Science and Engineering: A 736, 453-464, ISSN 0921-5093 doi: 10.1016/j.msea.2018.08.070
  • "Influence of the Microstructure on Magnetic Stray Fields of Low-Carbon Steel Welds" Stegemann, R.; Cabeza, S.; Pelkner, M.; Lyamkin, V.; Pittner, A.; Werner, D.; Wimpory, R.; Boin, M. Kreutzbruck, M. & Bruno, G. (2018).  Journal of Nondestructive Evaluation 37(3), 66, doi: 10.1007/s10921-018-0522-0
  • "Development of a Process Signature for Manufacturing Processes with Thermal Loads" Frerichs, F.; Meyer, H.; Strunk, R.; Kolkwitz, B. & Epp, J. (2018).  Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, 49(8), 3419-3429, ISSN 1543-1940, doi: 10.1007/s11661-018-4719-8
  • "Numerical Welding Simulation as a Basis for Structural Integrity Assessment of Structures: Microstructure and Residual Stresses" Hemmesi, K. & Farajian, M. (2018).  In: Residual Stress Analysis on Welded Joints by Means of Numerical Simulation and Experiments, Eds: P. Ferro and F. Berto, IntechOpen, ISSN 0921-5093, doi: 10.5772/intechopen.74466
  • "Residual Stress in Selective Laser Melted Inconel 718: Influence of the Removal from Base Plate and Deposition Hatch Length" Thiede, T.; Cabeza, S.; Mishurova, T.; Nadammal, N.; Kromm, A.; Bode, J.; Haberland, C. & Bruno, G. (2018).  Materials Performance and Characterization 7(4), 717-735, ISSN 2379-1365, doi: 10.1520/MPC20170119
  • "Evaluation of experimentally observed asymmetric distributions of hardness, strain and residual stress in cold drawn bars by FEM-simulation" Zottis, J.; Diehl, C.A.Theis Soares; Rocha & A. da Silva (2018).  Journal of Materials Research and Technology 7(4), 469-478, ISSN 2238-7854, doi: 10.1016/j.jmrt.2018.01.004
  • "Precise Measurement of Steep Residual Strain Gradients Using Neutron Diffraction in Strongly Absorbing Materials with Chemical Compositional Gradients" Wimpory, R.C.; Hofmann, M.; Akrivos, V.; Smith, M.; Pirling, T. & Ohms, C. (2018).  Materials Performance and Characterization 7(4), 488-503, ISSN 2379-1365, doi: 10.1520/MPC20170114
  • "Cold Compression of 7075 and Factors Influencing Stress Relief" Robinson, J.; Wimpory, R.C.; Tanner, D.; Mooney, B.; Truman, C. & Panzner, T. (2018). Materials Performance and Characterization 7(4), 898-911, ISSN 2379-1365, doi: 10.1520/MPC20170130
  • "Determination of Repair Weld Residual Stress in a Tube to Tube-Sheet Joint by Neutron Diffraction and the Finite Element Method" Luo, Y.; Jiang, W.; Chen, D.; Wimpory, R.C.; Li, M. & Liu, X. (2018).  J. Pressure Vessel Technol. 140(2), 021404, doi: 10.1115/1.4039069
  • "FEM prediction of welding residual stresses in fibre laser-welded AA 2024-T3 and comparison with experimental measurement" Ahn, J.; He, E.; Chen, L.; Wimpory, R.C.; Kabra, S.; Dear, J.P.; & Davies, C.M. (2018).  The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology 95(9), 4243-4263, ISSN 1433-3015, doi: 10.1007/s00170-017-1548-7
  • "Wärmeführung und Beanspruchung von hochfesten Verbindungen mit LTT-Schweißzusatzwerkstoff" Dixneit, J. (2019).  PhD Thesis, Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg, Fakultät für Maschinenbau


  • "Prediction and measurement of residual stresses and distortions in fibre laser welded Ti-6Al-4V considering phase transformation" Ahn, J.; He, E.; Chen, L.; Wimpory, R.C.; Dear, J.P. & Davies, C.M. (2017). Materials & Design 115, 441-457, doi: 10.1016/j.matdes.2016.11.078
  • "Numerical studies of welding residual stresses in tubular joints and experimental validations by means of x-ray and neutron diffraction analysis" Hemmesi, K.; Farajian, M. & Boin, M. (2017).  Materials & Design 126, 339-350, ISSN 0264-1275, doi: 10.1016/j.matdes.2017.03.088
  • "Effect of hatch length on the development of microstructure, texture and residual stresses in selective laser melted superalloy Inconel 718" Nadammal, N.; Cabeza, S.; Mishurova, T.; Thiede, T.; Kromm, A.; Seyfert, Ch.; Farahbod, L.; Haberland, Ch.; Schneider, J.A.; Portella, P.D. & Bruno, G. (2017).  Materials & Design 134, 139-150, ISSN 0264-1275, doi: 10.1016/j.matdes.2017.08.049
  • "Effect of carbon on interstitial ordering and magnetic properties of e-Fe2(N,C)1-z" Brink, B.K.; Ståhl, K.; Christiansen, T.L.; Frandsen, C.; Fougt Hansen, M.; Beran, P. & Somers, M.A.J. (2017).  Journal of Alloys and Compounds 694, 282-291, ISSN 0925-8388, doi: 10.1016/j.jallcom.2016.09.317
  • "Residual stress characterization of steel TIG welds by neutron diffraction and by residual magnetic stray field mappings" Stegemann, R.; Cabeza, S.; Lyamkin, V.; Bruno, G.; Pittner, A.; Wimpory, R.C.; Boin, M. & Kreutzbruck, M. (2017).  Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials 426, 580-587, doi: 10.1016/j.jmmm.2016.11.102
  • "Stress-induced damage evolution in cast AlSi12CuMgNi alloy with one- and two-ceramic reinforcements" Cabeza, S.; Mishurova, T.;, Garcés, G.; Sevostianov, I.; Requena, G. & Bruno, G. (2017).  J Mater Sci 52(17), 10198-10216, doi: 10.1007/s10853-017-1182-7
  • "Bending Distortion Analysis of a Steel Shaft Manufacturing Chain from Cold Drawing to Grinding" Waechter Dias, V.; Rocha, A. da Silva; Zottis, J.; Dong, J.; Epp, J. & Zoch, H.-W. (2017).  Metall and Mat Trans A 48(4), 1893–1902, doi: 10.1007/s11661-016-3948-y
  • "Experimental Analysis of Residual Stresses in Pre-Straightened SAE 1045 Steel" Diehl, C.A. Theis Soares; Rocha, A. da Silva; Epp, J. & Zoch, H.-W. (2017).  Materials Research 20(6), 1554-1562, doi: 10.1590/1980-5373-mr-2017-0344
  • "Residual stresses of LTT welds in large-scale components" Dixneit, J.; Kromm, A.; Boin, M.; Wimpory, R.C.; Kannengiesser, T.; Gibmeier, J. & Schroepfer, D. (2017). Weld World 61, 1089, doi: 10.1007/s40194-017-0502-5
  • "Evaluation of high spatial resolution imaging of magnetic stray fields for early damage detection" Stegemann, R.; Cabeza, S.; Pelkner, M.; Lyamkin, V. & Sonntag, N. (2017). AIP Conference Proceedings 1806, 110010, doi: 10.1063/1.4974688
  • "Minimizing and Characterizing Uncertainties in Neutron Strain Measurements with Special Attention to Grain Size Effects" Wimpory, R. C.; Hofmann, M.; Rebelo-Kornmeier, J.; Boin, M. & Ohms, C. (2017). Materials Science Forum 905, 143-150, doi: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.905.143
  • "Welding residual stresses as needed for the prediction of fatigue crack propagation and fatigue strength" Hensel, J.; Nitschke-Pagel, T.; Tchoffo Ngoula, D.; Beier, H.-Th.; Tchuindjang, D. & Zerbst, U. (2017). Engineering Fracture Mechanics 198, 123-141, doi: 10.1016/j.engfracmech.2017.10.024


  • "Numerical Simulation of Residual Stresses in Hardmetals Using an Elastic-Viscoplastic Material Description" W. Kayser, A. Bezold, G. Chen, C. Broeckmann, S. van Kempen & M. Boin (2016). World PM2016 Proceedings, Powder Metallurgy World Congress Hamburg, 09.10.2016 - 13.10.2016, EPMA, ISBN: 978-1-899072-48-4
  • "Challenges in the Calculation of Residual Stresses inmThick-walled Components" J. Klassen, T. Nitschke-Pagel & K. Dilger (2016).  Materials Research Proceedings 2, 299-304, doi: 10.21741/9781945291173-51
  • "Influence of Heat Control on Residual Stresses in Low Transformation Temperature (LTT) Large Scale Welds" J. Dixneit, A. Kromm, M. Boin, Th. Kannengiesser & J. Gibmeier (2016).  Materials Research Proceedings 2, 223-228, doi: 10.21741/9781945291173-38
  • "Elasto-plastic deformation within diamond reinforced metals for thermal management" M. Schöbel, P. Dobron, J. Bernardi, R. Wimpory & K. Weidenmann (2016).  Diamond and Related Materials 70, 52-58, ISSN 0925-9635, doi: 10.1016/j.diamond.2016.09.027
  • "E3: Residual Stress Neutron Diffractometer at BER II" M. Boin & R. C. Wimpory (2016).  JLSRF, doi: 10.17815/jlsrf-2-126
  • "Quantification of residual stresses in electron beam welded fracture mechanics specimens, International Journal of Solids and Structures" Priyesh Kapadia, Catrin Davies, Thilo Pirling, Michael Hofmann, Robert Wimpory, Foroogh Hosseinzadeh, David Dean & Kamran Nikbin (2016).  International Journal of Solids and Structures, doi: 10.1016/j.ijsolstr.2016.11.028
  • "Relaxation of residual stresses when extracting a specimen from a dissimilar metal electron beam welded plate" Abburi Venkata, K.; Truman, C.; Smith, D. & Wimpory, R. C. (2016). In Proceedings of the 7th International
    Conference on Creep, Fatigue and Creep-Fatigue Interaction (CF-7)
  • "Characterisation of residual stresses in heat treated, high strength aluminium alloy extrusions" M. D. Olson, J. S. Robinson, R. C. Wimpory & M. R. Hill (2016).  Materials Science and Technology 32(14), 1427-1438, doi: 10.1080/02670836.2016.1164973
  • "Comparison of intergranular strain formation of conventional and newly developed nickel based superalloys" J.N. Wagner, M. Hofmann, S. Van Petegem, C. Krempaszky, M. Hoelzel & M. Stockinger (2016).  Materials Science and Engineering: A 662, 303-307, ISSN 0921-5093, doi: 10.1016/j.msea.2016.03.059
  • "Effect of carbon on interstitial ordering and magnetic properties of e-Fe2(N,C)1-z" Bastian K. Brink, Kenny Ståhl, Thomas L. Christiansen, Cathrine Frandsen, Mikkel Fougt Hansen, Premysl Beran & Marcel A.J. Somers (2017).  Journal of Alloys and Compounds 694, 282-291, ISSN 0925-8388, doi: 10.1016/j.jallcom.2016.09.317
  • "Interaction of Residual Stresses With Applied Stresses in a Dissimilar Metal Electron Beam Welded Specimen" K. Abburi Venkata, C. E. Truman, S. Khayatzadeh & H. E. Coules (2016).  ASME 2016 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference 3 (Design and Analysis), ISBN: 978-0-7918-5039-8, doi: 10.1115/PVP2016-63494
  • "Determination of residual stress within complex-shaped coarse-grained cobalt–chromium biomedical castings" B. P. Conroy & D. A. Tanner (2016).  Materials Science and Technology 32(14), doi: 10.1080/02670836.2016.1177304
  • "Numerical and experimental description of the welding residual stress field in tubular joints for fatigue assessment" Hemmesi, K., Farajian, M. & Siegele, D. (2016).  Welding in the World 60(4), 741–748, doi: 10.1007/s40194-016-0328-6
  • "Effects of residual stresses and compressive mean stresses on the fatigue strength of longitudinal fillet-welded gussets" Hensel,  J.; Nitschke-Pagel, T. & Dilger, K. (2016).  Welding in the World 60(2), 267–281, doi: 10.1007/s40194-015-0284-6
  • "The role of reinforcement orientation on the damage evolution of AlSi12CuMgNi + 15% Al2O3 under compression" Sandra Cabeza, Tatiana Mishurova, Giovanni Bruno, Gerardo Garcés & Guillermo Requena (2016).  Scripta Materialia 122, 115-118, ISSN 1359-6462, doi: 10.1016/j.scriptamat.2016.05.023
  • "Average phase stress concentrations in multiphase metal matrix composites under compressive loading" Tatiana Mishurova, Sandra Cabeza, Giovanni Bruno & Igor Sevostianov (2016).  International Journal of Engineering Science 106, 245-261, ISSN 0020-7225, doi: 10.1016/j.ijengsci.2016.06.004
  • " Investigation of the dimensional distortion of ASTM F75 femoral knee implants" Conroy, B. (2016).  PhD Thesis, University of Limerick
  • " Correlation of Residual Stress Measurements by Neutron Diffraction and Metal Magnetic Memory Testing in Ferritic Steel Welds" Lyamkin, V. (2016).  MasterThesis, Dresden International University


  • "Neutron diffraction stress determination in W-laminates for structural divertor applications" R. Coppola, C. Ohms, J. Reiser, M. Rieth & R.C. Wimpory (2015). Nuclear Materials and Energy 3-4, 37-42, doi: 10.1016/j.nme.2015.07.001
  • "A Review of the NeT TG4 International Weld Residual Stress Benchmark" Mike C. Smith, Ann Smith, Carsten Ohms & Robert Wimpory (2015). In ASME 2015 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference 69, V06BT06A076-V06BT06A076, doi: 10.1115/PVP2015-45801
  • "Relaxation of Welding Residual Stresses in Tubular Joints under Multiaxial Loading" Farajian, M.; Nitschke-Pagel, T.; Boin, M. & Wimpory, R.C. (2015). In ICMFF10, link
  • "Neutron Bragg Edge Tomography for Phase Mapping" Robin Woracek, Dayakar Penumadu, Nikolay Kardjilov, Andre Hilger, Mirko Boin, John Banhart & Ingo Manke (2015). Physics Procedia 69, 227-236, doi: 10.1016/j.phpro.2015.07.032
  • "Texture gradient in a copper tube at maximum and minimum wall thickness" H-G Brokmeier, A Carradó, N Al-hamdany, T Pirling, R Wimpory, N Schell & H Palkowski (2015).  IOP Conf. Series: Materials Science and Engineering 82, 012102/1-4, doi: 10.1088/1757-899X/82/1/012102
  • "Energy-selective neutron imaging for the characterization of polycrystalline materials" Robin Woracek (2015). University of Tennessee - Knoxville, PhD thesis, link
  • "3D Microstructure characterization and residual stress analysis of Al-MMC" Mishurova, T. (2015). Dresden University, Master thesis
  • "Synthesis and characterization of homogeneous interstitial solutions of nitrogen and carbon in iron-based lattices" Brink, B. (2015). Technical University of Denmark, PhD thesis


  • "Neutron Diffraction Study of Engineering Materials Subjected to Complex Loadings" Bunn, J.R. (2014).  Thesis, University of Tennessee - Knoxville, USA, http://trace.tennessee.edu/utk_graddiss/2805/
  • "Welding Residual Stress Behavior in Tubular Steel Joints under Multiaxial Loading" Farajian, M.; Nitschke-Pagel, Th. & Siegele, D. (2014).  HTM J. Heat Treatm. Mat. 69, 6-13, doi: 10.3139/105.110209
  • "Non-Destructive Residual Stress Analysis of Steel Shafts after Different Process Steps from Wire Drawing to Induction Hardening" Dong, J.; Epp, J.; da Silva Rocha, A.; Nunes, R.M.; Zoch, H.-W. & Wimpory, R.C. (2014). HTM Journal of Heat Treatment and Materials 69(6), 348-359, doi: 10.3139/105.110244
  • "Residual Stresses and Fatigue Behavior of High Strength Structural Steels with Fillet Welded Longitudinal Stiffeners" Hensel, J.; Nitschke-Pagel, Th.; Dilger, K. & Schoenborn, S. (2014). HTM Journal of Heat Treatment and Materials 69(1), 14-23, doi: 10.3139/105.110209
  • "Microstructure and temperature dependance of intergranular strains on diffractometric macroscopic residual stress analysis" Wagner, J.N.; Hofmann, M.; Wimpory, R.C.;  Krempaszky, C. & Stockinger, M. (2014).  Mater. Sci. Eng. A 618, 271-279, doi: 10.1016/j.msea.2014.09.033
  • "On the effects of austenite phase transformation on welding residual stresses in non-load carrying longitudinal welds" Hensel, J.; Nitschke-Pagel, T. & Dilger, K. (2014).  Welding in the World, ISSN 0043-2288, 1-12, doi: 10.1007/s40194-014-0190-3
  • "Stress Measurement at Loaded Aluminium Welds Using Diffraction Methods" Workowski, M.; Nitschke-Pagel, T. & Dilger, K. (2014).  Advanced Materials Research 996, 431-438, doi: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.996.431
  • "Evaluation of weld filler alloying concepts for residual stress engineering by means of Neutron and X-ray diffraction" Kromm, A. (2014).  Advanced Materials Research 996, 469-474, doi: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.996.469
  • "On Welding Residual Stresses Near Fatigue Crack Tips" Hensel, J.; Nitschke-Pagel, T. & Dilger, K. (2014).  Advanced Materials Research 996, 801-807, doi: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.996.801
  • "Looking Towards the Future of Strain Scanning Using Neutron Diffraction" Wimpory, R. C. & Boin, M. (2014).  Advanced Materials Research 996, 187–191, doi: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.996.187
  • "Optimizing Experiment Performance by Realistic Sample Simulations" Boin, M.; Wimpory, R. C. & Woracek, R. (2014).  Advanced Materials Research 996, 197–202, doi: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.996.197
  • "Effects of residual stresses and compressive mean stresses on the fatigue strength of straightened longitudinal stiffeners" Hensel,  J.; Nitschke-Pagel, T. & Dilger, K. (2014).  International Institute of Welding, Paris, France, IIW document XIII-2541-14
  • "A review of the NeT Task Group 1 residual stress measurement and analysis round robin on a single weld bead-on-plate specimen" Smith,  M.C.; Smith, A.C.; Wimpory, R.C. & Ohms, C. (2014).  International Journal of Pressure Vessels and Piping 120–121, 93–140, doi: 10.1016/j.ijpvp.2014.05.002
  • "Simulating Residual Stresses Using a Modified Wedge-Loaded Compact Tension Specimen" Kapadia, P.; Zhou, H.; Davies, C.M.; Wimpory, R.C. & Nikbin, K.M. (2014).  ASME 2013 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference, PVP2013-97942, V06AT06A041, doi: 10.1115/PVP2013-97942
  • "3D Mapping of Crystallographic Phase Distribution using Energy-Selective Neutron Tomography" Woracek, R.; Penumadu, D.; Kardjilov, N.; Hilger, A.; Boin, M.; Banhart, J. & Manke, I. (2014).  Adv. Mater. 26(24), 4069–4073, doi: 10.1002/adma.201400192
  • "Improving Beamtime Efficiency for Residual Stress Neutron Experiments" Boin, M.; Wimpory, R.C. & Randau, C. (2014). Mater. Sci. Forum 777, 7-11, doi: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.777.7
  • "Quantification and Prediction of Residual Stresses in Creep Crack Growth Specimens" Mehmanparast, A.; Davies, C.M. & Nikbin, K.M. (2014). Mater. Sci. Forum 777, 25-30, doi: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.777.25
  • "50th Anniversary Article: The Origin and Management of Residual Stress in Heat-treatable Aluminium Alloys" Robinson, J. S.; Tanner, D. A. & Truman, C. E. (2014). Strain 50(3), 185-207, doi: 10.1111/str.12091
  • "Effects of Residual Stresses on the Fatigue Performance of Welded Steels with Longitudinal Stiffeners" Hensel, J.; Nitschke-Pagel, T.; Dilger, K. & Schönborn, S.(2014). Mater. Sci. Forum 768-769, 636-643, ISSN 0043-2288, doi: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.768-769.636
  • "Upgrade Activities on the E3 Residual Stress Neutron Diffractometer" Boin, M. & Wimpory, R.C. (2014). Mater. Sci. Forum 768-769, 31-35, ISSN 0043-2288, doi: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.768-769.31
  • "Determination of the Welding Residual Stress Field by Diffraction Methods and Studying Its Behavior Under Uniaxial and Multiaxial Mechanical Loading" Farajian, M.; Nitschke-Pagel, T.; Wimpory, R.C. & Hofmann, M. (2014). In: In-situ Studies with Photons, Neutrons and Electrons Scattering II, Kannengiesser, T.; Babu, S.S.; Komizo, Y. & Ramirez, A. (Eds.), Springer Int. Pub., 177-200, ISBN 978-3-319-06144-3, doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-06145-0_11


  • "Residual Stresses in Welded Steels with Longitudinal Stiffeners Determined by Neutron and X-Ray Diffraction" Hensel, J.; Nitschke-Pagel, T.; Dilger, K. & Wimpory, R. (2013). Proc. of the 23rd International Offshore and Polar Engineering, Vol. 4, 189-195, Anchorage, Alaska, USA, June 30–July 5 2013, ISOPE, ISBN 978-1-880653-99–9, ISSN 1098-6189.
  • "Residual Stresses in Continuously Cast Steel Slabs" Schöbel, M.; Großeiber, S.; Jonke, J.; Wimpory, R.; Ilie, S. & Requena, G. (2013). BHM Berg- und Hüttenmännische Monatshefte, ISSN 0005-8912, doi: 10.1007/s00501-013-0210-4
  • "Experimental characterization and simulation of a wire drawing process and related distortion potentials" da Silva Rocha, A.; Nunes, R. M.; de Souza, T. F.; Soares, C. A. T.; Haenisch, S.; Tekkaya, A. E. & Hirsch, T. (2013). HTM - Journal of Heat Treatment and Materials 68(3), 135-141, doi: 10.3139/105.110187 "Distortion Analysis in the Manufacturing of Cold-Drawn and Induction Hardened Components"
    Hirsch, T.; da Silva Rocha, A. & Nunes, R.M. (2013). Metall. Mater. Trans. A., ISSN 1073-5623, ahead of print Epub Feb 08, doi: 10.1007/s11661-013-1952-z
  • "Comparison between Neutron Diffraction measurements and numerical simulation of residual stresses of a Wire-Drawing process" de Souza, T.F.; Theis Soares, C.A.; Zottis, J.; Nunes, R.M.; da Silva Rocha, A.; Hirsch, T. (2013). Mat. Res. 16(2), 508-514, ISSN 1516-1439, doi: 10.1590/S1516-14392013005000018
  • "Welding residual stress behavior under mechanical loading" Farajian, M. (2013). Welding in the World, The International Journal of Materials Joining 57, 157-169, ISSN 0043-2288, doi: 10.1007/s40194-013-0024-8


  • "Residual Stresses in Welded Steels with Longitudinal Stiffeners" Nitschke-Pagel, T. & Dilger, K. (2012). Proc. of the Twenty-first (2011) International Offshore and Polar Engineering Conference Vol. 4, 295-300, ISOPE, Maui, Hawaii, USA, June 19-2, ISBN 978-1-880653-96-8, ISSN 1098-6189
  • "Key Properties of Ni-Mn-Ga Based Single Crystals Grown with the SLARE Technique" Rolfs, K.; Chmielus, M.; Guldbakke, J. M.; Wimpory, R.C.;  Raatz, A.; Petry, W.; Müllner, P. & Schneider, R. (2012). Adv. Eng. Mater. 14, 614–635, doi: 10.1002/adem.201200065
  • "Determination of the residual stress tensor in textured zirconium alloy by neutron diffraction" Sumin, V.V.;Papushkin, I.V.; Vasin, R.N.; Venter, A.M. & Balagurov, A.M. (2012). J. Nucl. Mater. 421, 64-72, doi: 10.1016/j.jnucmat.2011.11.053
  • "Time-of-flight neutron imaging for spatially resolved strain investigations based on Bragg edge transmission at a reactor source" Strobl, M.; Woracek, R.; Kardjilov, N.; Hilger, A.; Wimpory, R.; Tremsin, A.; Wilpert, T.; Schulz, C.; Manke, I. & Penumadu, D. (2012). Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A, doi: 10.1016/j.nima.2012.04.026
  • "Characterisation of the carrier of distortion potential 'residual stresses' in the collaborative research centre 'distortion engineering'" Epp, J. & Hirsch, T. (2012). Materialwiss. Werkstofftech. 43, 112-119, doi: 10.1002/mawe.201100897
  • "The influence of quench sensitivity on residual stresses in the aluminium alloys 7010 and 7075" Robinson, J.S.; Tanner, D.A.; Truman, C.E.; Paradowska, A.M. & Wimpory, R.C. (2012). Mater. Charact. 65, 73-85, doi: 10.1016/j.matchar.2012.01.005
  •  "Monte Carlo simulations for the analysis of texture and strain measured with Bragg edge neutron transmission" Boin, M.; Wimpory, R.C.; Hilger, A.; Kardjilov, N.; Zhang, S.Y. & Strobl, M. (2012). J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 340, 012022, doi: 10.1088/1742-6596/340/1/012022
  • "Analysis by design of experiments of distortion potentials in drawn and induction hardened wire" Rocha, A.; Nunes, R. M.  & Hirsch, T. (2012). Mat. Res. 15, 266-276, doi: 10.1590/S1516-14392012005000020
  • "Determination of Internal Stresses in Lightweight Metal Matrix Composites" Requena, G.; Garcés, G.; Fernández, R. & Schöbel, M. (2012). In: Neutron Diffraction, InTech, ISBN 978-953-51-0307-3, doi: 10.5772/36412


  • “Validation of Bragg edge experiments by Monte Carlo simulations for quantitative texture analysis” Boin, M.; Hilger, A.; Kardjilov, N.; Zhang, S.Y., Oliver, E.C.; James, J.A., Randau, C. & Wimpory, R.C. (2011). J. Appl. Cryst. 44, 1040-1046, doi: 10.1107/S0021889811025970
  • “Residual stress field determination in welds by means of X-ray, synchrotron and neutron diffraction“´Farajian, M.; Nitschke-Pagel, T.; Wimpory, R.C.; Hofmann, M. & Klaus, M. (2011). Mat.-wiss. u. Werkstofftech. 42, 996-1001, doi: 10.1002/mawe.201100782
  • “Stability and Relaxation of Welding Residual Stresses” Farajian, M.; Nitschke-Pagel, T. & Dilger, K. (2011). Mater. Sci. Forum 681, 55-60, doi: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.681.55
  • “Bridging gaps in surface zone residual stress analysis using complementary probes for strain depth profiling” Fuß, T.; Wimpory, R.C.; Klaus, M. & Genzel, Ch. (2011). Mater. Sci. Forum 681, 411-416, doi: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.681.411
  • “Application of the contour method to validate residual stress predictions” Hosseinzadeh, F. & Bouchard, P. (2011). In: Second International Conference on Advances in Nuclear Materials (ANM-2011), 09-11 Feb 2011, Mumbai, India.
  • “Quantification of Residual Stresses Induced by Prior Loading at High Temperatures” Mehmanparast, A.N.; Davies, C.M.; Wimpory, R.C. & Nikbin, K.M. (2011). ASME Pressure Vessels and Piping Division Conference, July 17-21, 2011, Baltimore, Maryland, USA. PVP2011-57269, 145-151, doi: 10.1115/PVP2011-57269
  • “Study of Creep Relaxation Behaviour of 316H Austenitic Steels Under Mechanically Induced Residual Stress” Nezhad, H.Y.; O'Dowd, N.P.; Davies, C.M.; Nikbin, K.M. & Wimpory, R.C. (2011). ASME Pressure Vessels and Piping Division Conference, July 17-21, 2011, Baltimore, Maryland, USA. PVP2011-57695, 197-204, doi: 10.1115/PVP2011-57695
  • “StressTextureCalculator: a software tool to extract texture, strain and microstructure information from area-detector measurements” Randau, C.; Garbe, U. & Brokmeier, H.-G. (2011). J. Appl. Cryst. 44, 641-646, doi: 10.1107/S0021889811012064
  • “Thermal Cycling Stresses in W-Monofilament Reinforced Copper” Schöbel, M.; Jonke, J.; Degischer, H.P.; Hermann, A.; Brendel, A.; Wimpory, R.; Buslaps, T. (2011). Adv. Eng. Mater. 13, 742-746, doi: 10.1002/adem.201000309
  • “Thermal fatigue damage in monofilament reinforced copper for heat sink applications in divertor elements” Schöbel, M.; Jonke, J.; Degischer, H.P.; Paffenholz, V.; Brendel, A.; Wimpory, R.C. & Di Michiel, M. (2011). J. Nucl. Mater. 409, 225-234, doi: 10.1016/j.jnucmat.2010.12.242
  • “Time-of-flight neutron imaging at a continuous source: Proof of principle using a scintillator CCD imaging detector” Strobl, M.; Hilger, A.; Boin, M.; Kardjilov, N.;Wimpory, R.; Clemens, D.; Mühlbauer, M.; Schillinger, B.; Wilpert, T.; Schulz, C.; Rolfs, K.; Davies, C.M.; O'Dowd, N.; Tiernan, P. & Manke, I. (2011). Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A 651, 149-155, doi: 10.1016/j.nima.2010.12.121
  • “Emphasizing the accuracy of the uncertainty of residual stress determination using neutron diffraction” Wimpory, R.C. & Boin, M. (2011) Procedia Eng. 10, 1639-1644, doi: 10.1016/j.proeng.2011.04.274
  • “Neutron Bragg-edge-imaging for strain mapping under in situ tensile loading“ Woracek, R.; Penumadu, D.; Kardjilov, N.; Hilger, A.; Strobl, M.; Wimpory, R.C.; Manke, I. & Banhart, J. (2011). J.  Appl. Phys. 109, 093506/1-4, doi: 10.1063/1.3582138


  • “Effects of surface roughness and training on the twinning stress of Ni-Mn-Ga single crystals” Chmielus, M.; Rolfs, K.; Wimpory, R.; Reimers, W.; Müllner, P. & Schneider, R. (2010). Acta Mater. 58, 3952-3962, doi: 10.1016/j.actamat.2010.03.031
  • “Combined Neutron And X-ray Diffraction Analysis For The Characterization Of A Case Hardened Disc” Epp, J.; Hirsch, T.; Hunkel, M. & Wimpory, R. (2010). Mater. Sci. Forum 652, 37-43, doi: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.652.37
  • “Residual stress in 7449 aluminium alloy forgings“ Robinson, J.S.; Hossain, S.; Truman, C.E.; Paradowska, A.M.; Hughes, D.J.; Wimpory, R.C. & Fox, M.E. (2010). Mater. Sci. Eng. A 527, 2603-2612, doi: 10.1016/j.msea.2009.12.022
  • “Relaxation and Stability of Welding Residual Stresses in High Strength Steel under Mechanical Loading” Farajian, M.; Wimpory, R.C. & Nitschke-Pagel, Th. (2010). Steel Res. Int. 81, 1137-1143, doi: 10.1002/srin.201000194
  • “Double twinning in Ni-Mn-Ga-Co” Rolfs, K.; Chmielus, M.; Wimpory, R.C.; Mecklenburg, A.; Müllner, P. & Schneider, R. (2010). Acta Mater. 58, 2646-2651, doi: 10.1016/j.actamat.2009.12.051
  • “Effect of alloying Ni-Mn-Ga with Cobalt on thermal and structural properties” Rolfs, K.; Wimpory, R.C.; Petry, W. & Schneider, R. (2010). J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 251, 012046/1-4, doi: 10.1088/1742-6596/251/1/012046
  • “Optimising Residual Stress Measurements and Predictions in a Welded Benchmark Specimen: A Review of Phase 2 of the NeT Task Group 1 Single Bead on Plate Round Robin” Smith, M.C.; Smith, A.C., Wimpory, R.; Ohms, C.; Nadri, B. & Bouchard, P.J. (2010). In: Proc. of the ASME Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference, July 26-30, 2009, Prague, Czech Republic. Vol. 6, Parts A and B. New York: American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 277-301, doi: 10.1115/PVP2009-77157
  • Results of Measuring the Residual Strains in the WWER-1000 Reactor Vessel Sumin, V.V.; Sheverev, S.G.; Schneider, R.; Wimpory, R. & Balagurov, A.M. (2010). Phys. Solid State 52, 992-995, doi: 10.1134/S1063783410050227
  • “A Step Towards a Complete Uncertainty Analysis of Residual Stress Determination Using Neutron Diffraction” Wimpory, R.C. & Ohms, C. (2010). Mater. Sci. Forum 638-642, 2487-2492, doi: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.638-642.2487
  • “The Effect of Grain Size on Strain Determination Using a Neutron Diffractometer” Wimpory, R.C.; Wasmuth, U.; Rebelo-Kornmeier, J. & Hofmann, M. (2010). Mater. Sci. Forum 638-642, 2405-2410, doi: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.638-642.2405
  • “Magnetic-field-induced recovery strain in polycrystalline Ni–Mn–Ga foam” Chmielus, M.; Witherspoon, C.; Wimpory, R.C.; Paulke, A.; Hilger, A.; Zhang, X.; Dunand, D.C. & Müllner, P. (2010). J. Appl. Phys. 108, 123526, doi: 10.1063/1.3524503
  • “Application of Diffraction Methods for the Residual Stress Determination in Welded Joints” Nitschke-Pagel, Th. (2010) In: Proc. of the ASME Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference, July 26-30, 2009, Prague, Czech Republic. Vol. 5. New York: American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 241-249, doi: 10.1115/PVP2009-77752