Schmidt, C.; Yokaichiya, F.; Dogangüze, N.; Dias Franco, M.K.K.; Cavalcanti, L.P.; Brown, M.A.; Alkschbirs, M.I.; de Araujo, D.R.; Kumpugdee-Vollrath, M.; Storsberg, J.: An Abraded Surface of Doxorubicin-Loaded Surfactant-Containing Drug Delivery Systems Effectively Reduces the Survival of Carcinoma Cells. Biomedicines 4 (2016), p. 22/1-13
Open Accesn Version

Abstract: An effective antitumor remedy is yet to be developed. All previous approaches for a targeted delivery of anticancer medicine have relied on trial and error. The goal of this study was to use structural insights gained from the study of delivery systems and malignant cells to provide for a systematic approach to the development of next-generation drugs. We used doxorubicin (Dox) liposomal formulations. We assayed for cytotoxicity via the electrical current exclusion method. Dialysis of the samples yielded information about their drug release profiles. Information about the surface of the delivery systems was obtained through synchrotron small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) measurements. SAXS measurements revealed that Dox-loading yielded an abraded surface of our Dox liposomal formulation containing soybean oil, which also correlated with an effective reduction of the survival of carcinoma cells. Furthermore, a dialysis assay revealed that a higher burst of Dox was released from soybean oil-containing preparations within the first five hours. We conclude from our results that an abraded surface of Dox-loaded drug delivery system increases their efficacy. The apparent match between surface geometry of drug delivery systems and target cells is suggested as a steppingstone for refined development of drug delivery systems. This is the first study to provide a systematic approach to developing next-generation drug carrier systems using structural insights to guide the development of next-generation drug delivery systems with increased efficacy and reduced side effects.